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Pragmatyczna analiza rozumienia i użycia języka przez systemy sztucznej inteligencji - na przykładzie języka chatbot'ów.

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Prezentacja na temat: "Pragmatyczna analiza rozumienia i użycia języka przez systemy sztucznej inteligencji - na przykładzie języka chatbot'ów."— Zapis prezentacji:

1 Pragmatyczna analiza rozumienia i użycia języka przez systemy sztucznej inteligencji - na przykładzie języka chatbot'ów

2 1. Pragmatyka 2. Sztuczna Inteligencja; Chatboty 3. Analiza konwersacji

3 pragmatyka.

4 . struktura konwersacji Hymes [1974].

5 Czas i miejsce (Setting and Scene) Uczestnicy (Participants) Cele (Ends) Kolejność aktów (Act Sequence) Wskazówki (Keys) Forma i styl wypowiedzi (Instrumentalities) Normy, konwencje (Norms) Gatunek (Genre)

6 Turn-taking – zabieranie głosu; Turn – moment wypowiedzi Adjacency pairs – pary przyległe; pytanie – odpowiedź A: Proszę bardzo.B: Dziękuję. A: Cześć, jak się masz?B: Cześć, dzięki, dobrze. Sekwencje otwierające, zamykające, presekwencje

7 Akty mowy [Searle 1969].

8 akty bezpośrednie – intencja mówiącego odczytywana jest niezależnie od sytuacji, np. Podaj mi szklankę wody akty pośrednie – tekst aktu należy odczytywać kontekstowo, w różnych sytuacjach tekst może mieć różne znaczenie

9 asercje akty dyrektywne akty komisywne akty ekspresywne akty deklaratywne

10 2 rodzaje znaczenia [Grice 1963] naturalne nienaturalne

11 Implikatura konwersacyjna.

12 implikatura skalarna.

13 deiksa.

14 kohezja: gramatyczna & leksykalna.

15 Sztuczna Inteligencja.

16 ujęcie poznawcze i techniczne.

17

18

19 słaba hipoteza SI.

20 silna hipoteza SI.

21 chatbot.

22 Przetwarzanie języka naturalnego.

23 sieć semantyczna.

24

25 parser syntaktyczny.

26 judge: do you have a cat? ALICE: No but I like they very much. judge: what other quadrupeds do you like? ALICE: There are some I like and some I dislike. judge: what other quadrupeds do you like? ALICE: There are some I like and some I dislike. judge: what other quadrupeds do you like? ALICE: I have a few favorites. judge: what other quadrupeds do you like? ALICE: Quite a few of them. judge: what other quadrupeds do you like? ALICE: Quite a few of them. judge: what other quadrupeds do you like? ALICE: Quite a few of them.

27 User: Do you have a cat? Cleverbot: Yes. User: What other quadrupeds do you like? Cleverbot: Fuzzy clams and long island whitefish. User: What other quadrupeds do you like? Cleverbot: I don't know metal bands. User: What other quadrupeds do you like? Cleverbot: I think names are good. User: What other quadrupeds do you like? Cleverbot: I don't like any movies. User: What other quadrupeds do you like? Cleverbot: Gta games.

28

29 3. Conversation Analysis

30 59,3% 59,6%

31 Analiza porównawcza konwersacji.

32 1)judge: I want it now 2)ALICE: I hope you get it. 1)judge: it is coming! 2)ALICE: Really. it is?

33 1)User: I want it now. 2)Cleverbot: What do you want? 1)User: It is coming! 2)Cleverbot: What is coming?

34 1)judge: do you want some ice cream? 2)ALICE: If I had it what would I do with it? 3)judge: eat. what flavor of ice cream do you want? 4)ALICE: I'm not sure if I would like to do it. What's it like? You tell me. 5)judge: maybe you would like chocolate flavor ice cream? 6)ALICE: Tell me what I would like about it. 7)judge: the taste of the ice cream 8)ALICE: What are your goals in life?

35 1)User: Do you want some ice cream? 2)Cleverbot: Yes. 3)User: What flavor of ice cream do you want? 4)Cleverbot: Asphalt. 5)User: Why do you want asphalt flavor ice cream? 6)Cleverbot: Because I am curious about you.

36 1)judge: do you ever get sad? 2)ALICE: You have reached the limits of my knowledge. I think you already know the answer. 3)judge: but tell me, do u ever get unhappy? 4)ALICE: I have gotten unhappy. 5)judge: why so down? 6)ALICE: How much time do you have? 7)judge: as much as u want me to have 8)ALICE: How much is that? 9)judge: u tell me 10)ALICE: What do you want me to tell you? 11)judge: I want you to tell me why are you blue 12)ALICE: I am available in a wide variety of colors.

37 1)User: Do you ever get sad? 2)Cleverbot: Sometimes. (I… get sad) 3)User: What makes you unhappy? 4)Cleverbot: Talking to you makes me happy. 5)User: And what makes you blue? 6)Cleverbot: Everything else.

38 1)judge: It seems, I won't be staying here much longer. 2)ALICE: What will you do instead? 3)judge: learn. I'm going offline 4)ALICE: Sounds like a plan. Bye. 1)judge: it was nice talking to you, I have to go now. 2)ALICE: It's nice meeting you too judge. 3)judge: bye bye 4)ALICE: See you later!. Bye bye.

39 1)User: It was nice talking to you, I have to go now. 2)Cleverbot: Where are you going? 3)User: Home. Bye bye. 4)Cleverbot: Hi hi.

40 1)User: It seems, I won't be staying here much longer. 2)Cleverbot: Good. 3)User: Thanks... 4)Cleverbot: I'm never bored. 5)User: Only bor-ing. 6)Cleverbot: Right. (…) 1)User: I wanted to go... 2)Cleverbot: That's honest. 3)User: Yeah. I'm goin offline. 4)Cleverbot: For how long? (…) 1)User: I'm goin offline. 2)Cleverbot: Going where? 3)User: To a club. Wanna join me? (…) 1)User: I have to go. 2)Cleverbot: Why? 3)User: I did not find anything interesting here. 4)Cleverbot: It was not trying to be funny. 5)User: Indeed. 6)Cleverbot: Speak some arabic to me. 7)User: Bye bye. 8)Cleverbot: Can't you understand that I have desires you cannot fulfill? 9)User: Like I give a s***. 10)Cleverbot: Be nice.

41 1)judge: hi, how r u? 2)ALICE: Hi there!. My logic and cognitive functions are normal. 3)judge: mine too, I think, only that I have this thing to do... 4)ALICE: I have this thing to do that? 5)judge: I didnt mean exactly this but that I have something to do which makes me nauseous '. 6)ALICE: What did you mean? There is no reason to think so. 7)judge: well, I have to write a paper, u know... 8)ALICE: Why do you have to do it?

42 1)User: Fine, thanx. Only that I have this thing to do... 2)Cleverbot: Really? Absolutely the only thing ;). 3)User: Well, I didnt mean exactly this but that I have something to do which makes me nauseous '. 4)Cleverbot: You did. And you really make no sense. Really. 5)User: Maybe for you. Anyway, have you heard what the whole fuss is about lately?

43 1)judge: some academics are lazy 2)ALICE: I think there might be a few exceptions. 1)judge: some academics are lazy 2)ALICE: All of them?

44 1)User: Some academics are lazy. 2)Cleverbot: Some??? 1)User: Some academics are lazy. 2)Cleverbot: Some apples are green.

45 Dziękuję za uwagę


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