Prezentacja na temat: "The Zero Conditional If + Present Simple Present Simple Example: If you see him, tell him to call. If I leave my house, I always lock the door. Use: regular."— Zapis prezentacji:
The Zero Conditional If + Present Simple Present Simple Example: If you see him, tell him to call. If I leave my house, I always lock the door. Use: regular events or instructions.
The First Conditional: If + Present Simple Will + infinitive Example: If you help me, we will be on time. If he doesnt stay here, he will look for a hotel. Note: If you will stay.. is a serious mistake! Use: real situations in present or future
The Second Conditional If + Past Simple Would + infinitive Example: If you helped me, we would be on time. If he didnt stay here, he would look for a hotel. If I were you, I would take it seriosly. Use: hypothetical situations in present or future or advice
The Third Conditional If + Past Perfect Would + perfect infinitive Example: If you had helped me, we would have been on time. If he hadnt stayed here, he would have looked for a hotel. Use: hypothetical situations in the past.
The Mixed Conditional If + Past Perfect Would + infinitive Example: If I had taken that job, I would be much happier now. If he had been careful, his car would not be damaged now. Use: past situations influencing the present
Some types of inversions are common: If I were in your shoes, I wouldnt do it If I had known before, I would have called. Were I in your shoes, I wouldnt do it. Had I known before, I would have called.
And questions… If you see the map, you will know what to do. If I won a lot of money, I would save everything. Will you know what to do, if you see the map. What would you do if you won a lot of money. Another type of inversion (mostly for Cond 0) If you see the fire, call the police. Should you see the fire, call the police.
You are about to see a few sentences in Polish. Try to translate them into English, but keep in mind they are: The First Conditonal The Second Conditional The Third Conditional And some more, maybe…
Gdybyś mógł odwiedzić jeden kraj na świecie za darmo, który byś odwiedził?
The answer: If you could visit one country in the world for free, which one would you visit?
Gdybym posłuchał wczoraj moich rodziców, nie poszedłbym na tą imprezę.
The answer: If I had listened to my paretns yesterday, I wouldnt have gone to the party.
Gdyby mój samochód nie był taki stary, pojechałbym do Rumunii wraz z tobą.
The answer: If my car wasnt so old, I would drive to Romania with you.
Jeśli będziesz mieć kłopoty z komputerem, zadzwoń do mnie.
The answer: If you / Should you have any problems with your computer, call me.
Gdybym się uczył w podstawówce, nie miałbym dziś problemów.
The answer: If I had learned in the primary school, I wouldnt have problems now.
Jeśli nie wiesz, co teraz robić, szef coś dla ciebie znajdzie.
The answer: If you dont know what to do, the boss will surely find something for you.
Jeśli jutro będzie słonecznie, zajmę się moim ogrodem.
The answer: If it is sunny tomorrow, I will do some gardening.
Gdybym nie wypił tyle kawy zeszłej nocy, udałoby mi się usnąć.
The answer: If I hadnt drunk so much coffee last night, I would have managed to fall asleep.
Gdybym miał nieco więcej pieniędzy, nie potrzebowałbym pożyczki.
The answer: If I had some more money, I wouldnt need the bank loan.
Jeśli John nie przestanie, będzie miał poważne kłopoty.
The answer: If John does not stop, he will have serious problems / be in serious trouble.