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1 www.fisia-babcock.com FISIA BABCOCK ENVIRONMENT Your Partner For Energy-from-Waste Technology We make the World a CLEANER Place.

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1 1 FISIA BABCOCK ENVIRONMENT Your Partner For Energy-from-Waste Technology We make the World a CLEANER Place

2 2 1. FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. References

3 3 FISIA BABCOCK ENVIRONMENT GmbH Fabrikstrasse Gummersbach Phone ++49 (0) Fax++49 (0) Internetwww.fisia-babcock.com

4 4 11 / /200011/2002 Noell- KRC Energie- und Umwelttechnik GmbH (Waste-to-Energy & Flue Gas Cleaning) Korzenie Firmy

5 5 IMPREGILO S.p.A. IMPREGILO S.p.A. (Share Capital 718 million) (Share Capital 718 million) FISIA BABCOCK Environment GmbH IMPREGILO IMPREGILO International Infrastructures N.V. International Infrastructures N.V. 100 % Struktura Key Figures as per June 30, 2008 Order Backlog: mill. Order Backlog: mill. Net Sales: mill. Net Sales: mill. Employees:

6 6 IMPREGILO Group Kapitał akcyjny 718 mill. Zarejestrowany w Mediolan - Italy Budownictwo Infrastruktura Konstrukcje Praca inżynieryjne (np.mosty, autostradu linie kolejowe, lotniska, szpitale, metro,..) Business Sectors Obraz z dnia Koncesje Woda (produkcja i dystrybucja) Służba zdrowia (e.g. szpitale, kliniki) Transport publiczny (e.g. autostrady, porty lotnicze) Energia Corporate Structure - Impregilo Portfel zamówień mill. Dochód mill. Pracownicy Instalacje Oczyszczalnie ścieków Istalacje do termicznego przekształcania odpadów Systemy oczyszczania gazów spalinowych

7 7 FISIA BABCOCK ENVIRONMENT GmbH FBE jest dostawcą rozwiązań techniczno-technologicznych w ochronie środowiska FBE projektowanie i budowa instalacji do termicznego przekształcania odpadów oraz oczyszczania gazów spalinowych FBE powstała w 2002, łaczy i kontynuje know-how firm : Steinmüller, Deutsche Babcock Anlagen and Noell FBE pracujemy jako: Główny wykonawca Lider konsorcjum/ Partner Projektant, twórca dokumentacji projektowej, zarządzający inżynierią projektu Konsultant techniczy Dostawca kluczowych komponentów Partner transferu know-how Dostawca serwisu FBE działa w skali międzynarodowej, posiada ok obiektów referencyjnych

8 8 IFRS-Figures in mill. Value of Production

9 9 Human Resources

10 10 Technical Education 81%Commercial Education 19% Non-Academics 44% Academics 56% Technical Apprenticeship 11% Engineers 50 % Commercial Education 19% Technicians 20 % Personnel Structure

11 11 Management Board Sprzedaż/ Zarządzanie ofertowaniem Zarządzanie projektem Serwis Kompletacja dostaw Controlling / Księgowość/ Finanse Zasoby ludzkie / Organisation IT Waste to EnergyGas Cleaning Process Engineering Inżynieria procesowa Prace projektowe Subcontracted Products Design Subcontracted Products Zapewnienie jakości Health-, Safety- Environmental Management Organisation

12 12 Health & Safety Statistics Managing Directors, Gummersbach, 10 th of January 2008

13 13 Health & Safety-Award

14 14 Grate systems –Air cooled stepped moving grate system –Air cooled roller grate system –Water cooled moving grate system Steam generator –Natural circulation –High pressure/temperature –Top or bottom supported –Vertical, horizontal or lane arrangement Ash handling Process control systems Municipal and Commercial Solid Waste Incineration, RDF Incineration Hazardous Waste Incineration Rotary kiln technology Secondary combustion chamber Steam generator Ash handling Products & Technologies - Waste to Energy

15 15 Obiekty Referencyjne w Europie od 2003 Waste Technology Halmstad Joenkoeping Uddevalla Borlänge Ruhleben Hameln Oberhausen Rüdersdorf Herten Heringen Krefeld Mönkeloh Wuppertal Riihimäki Carriere Sur Seine Naples Århus Glostrup Kristiansand

16 16 Downstream Power Plants All state-of-the-art processes for removal of - HCl, HF, SO 2, NO x - Particels und dust - Heavy metals - Dioxine and furanes - Organic compounds Complete process chain as combination Downstream Waste-to-Energy and Industry Flue gas desulphurisation (FGD) (single-loop absorber, dual-loop absorber, dry process, semi-dry spray scrubbing) NO x removal (SCR) Particulate removal (electrostatic precipitator, baghouse) Products & Technologies - Gas Cleaning Gas Cleaning Mannheim Absorber Flue Gas Treatment Rüdersdorf

17 17 FGD ShuaibahFGD Puerto Coronel Licensees in China Location of Major Reference Plants since 2003 Gas Cleaning DeNOx Esbierg DeNOx Fynsvaerket DeNOx +FGD Maasvlakte DeNOx Amer 9 DeNOx Hemweg 8 FGD Fusina DeNOx Torrevaldaliga ESP Moorburg ESP Nünchritz ESP Neurath BoA2 ESP Karlsruhe ESP Mannheim Block 6 ESP Mannheim Block 9 FGD Datteln FGD Schkopau FGD Mannheim Block 6 FGD Mannheim Block 9 FGD Alcudia

18 18 > over 1230 Units > 40 Countries FISIA BABCOCK ENVIRONMENT GmbH Countries of Reference Plants (EfW / Gas Cleaning) Hungary Ukraine Australia Austria Belgium Luxembourg Netherlands Bosnia Brazil Bulgaria Canada China Czech Republic Slovakian Republic Denmark Egypt Finland Great Britain Germany France Greece Iran Iraq Italy Japan South Korea Norway Poland Russia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey U.S.A. Thailand Tunesia Singapore Saudi Arabia Bahrain Chile

19 FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. References

20 20 Rising quantities of waste Rising quantities of waste Steady rise of waste transportation Steady rise of waste transportation Limited disposal facilities Limited disposal facilities Increasing environmental pollution Increasing environmental pollution Waste Management - Challenges

21 21 Wytwarzać produkty o wydłużonym okresie życia Unikać używania w produkcji materiałów niebezpiecznych Produkować wyroby o zmniejszonej wadze i wymiarach Unikać wyrobów jednorazowego użytku np.. butelki zwrotne Wykorzystane produkty poddawać ponownemu przetworzeniu Kompstowanie biomasy, rozkład-fermentacja, odzysk energia Końcowy element systemu – ZUOK Tylko zmineralizowane odpady które nie oddziaływują na środowisko 1. Unikać i redukować 2. Ponownie używać 3. Recykling 4. Odzysk 5. Składowanie Hierarchia zintegrowanego zarządzania gospodarką odpadową

22 22 Przekształcanie termiczne odpadów Unieszkodliwianie niebezpiecznych i szkodliwych substancji Wytwarzanie tzw. Energii odnawialnej Efektywny proces wytwarzania energii elektrycznej / pary procesowej / ciepła Odzysk surowców wtórnych Wysokiej jakości producty/ materiał inertny / metale Redukcja emisji gazów cieplarnianych Unikanie emisji metanu ze składowiska Zmniejszenie zużycia paliw pierwotnych Produkcja bardzo niskoemisyjna przy bardzo restrykcyjnej kontroli Redukcja masy i objętości odpadów Mniej niż 5 % wsadu odpadów trafia na składowisko Element zrównoważonej gospodarki odpadowej Odpady jako zasoby

23 23 Składowanie 100% Strumienia odpadów CH 4 Oddziaływanie na środowisko hydrogeologiczne Nawet przez > 40 lat przy bezpiecznym składowaniu (GWP 23) GWP = Global Warming Potential Składowania versus termiczne przekształcanie Emisja CH 4 ze składowania jest 23 krotnie bardziej szkodliwa dla klimatu od emisji CO2 (GWP =1). 70% Odzysk energii Energy-from-Waste 5% pozostałość po oczysczaniu spalin CO 2 (50-60 % organika) CO 2 z EfW pochodzące z % strumienia odpadów jest neutralne dla klimatu. (GWP 1) 25% Popiół

24 24 Air Sorbents Energy-from-Waste - A Modern Concept for an Incineration Facility Recycled material Combustion & Steam Production Combustion & Steam Production Flue gas cleaning Flue gas cleaning Energy recovery Energy recovery Treatment of residues Treatment of residues Refuse Clean gas Steam District heatElectric power Residues for landfill Fly ash Slag Flue gas Boiler ash

25 25 to destruct the dioxins and other toxic organics at high temperatures to compensate the constantly changing physical waste characteristics, as well as the low and high heating values to obtain a good solids burnout and to achieve an inert and recyclable slag, free of harmful substances to obtain a good gaseous burnout and to achieve a flue gas with a minimised CO and C tot content to reduce the fly ash quantity, which is enriched with harmful substances to achieve a high availability and low maintenance and operation costs Waste Management - Objectives of an Incineration Plant

26 Tipping Hall 2 Waste Bunker 3 Waste Crane 4 Boiler 5 Drum 6 Super Heater 7 Economiser 8 Feed Water Tank 9 Condensate Tank 10 Turbine 11 Feed Pumps 12 Centrifuge 13 Gypsum Container 14 Fabric Filter 1 15 Gas/Gas Heat Exchanger 1 16 HCl-Scrubber Stage 1 17 HCl-Scrubber Stage 2 18 SO2-Scrubber 19 Fabric Filter 2 20 Process Water Tank 21 Waste Water Treatment 22 Spent Absorbent Recycle Silo 23 ID-Fan 24 Gas/Gas Heat Exchanger 2 25 Steam Heat Exchanger 26 Ammonia Water Injection 27 Catalyst 28 Flue GasCooler 20 Emission Room 30 Stack 31 Adsorbent Silo 32 Adsorbent Injection 33 Limestone Silo 34 Ammonia Water Storage Energy-from-Waste Typical Layout for a Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Facility

27 27 FBE is highly specialized in Energy-from-Waste FBE is able to provide the complete technology chain from waste reception to the stack by in-house process know-how and management expertise as single-source provider FBE has experience for more than 40 years in engineering, supply and successful start-up of highly sophisticated EfW facilities FBE has built more than 500 units for Energy-from-Waste all over the world and is at present one of the market leader in Europe FBE has a leading-edge technology and keep abreast of the latest technical developments with continuous innovation FBE combines experience and competence with the ambition to develop the ideal solution for our partners in close co-operation tailor-made for the requirements of each individual project Fisia Babcock Environment - Your Partner for Energy-from-Waste

28 FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. References

29 29 Energy-from-Waste Situation in Europe Landfill Recycling Thermal Treatment Quelle: Eurostat 2006

30 30 Energy-from-Waste Market Tendencies in Europe Market volume is growing in most European countries European directives for waste treatment support EfW Landfill taxes and restrictions in several countries In some countries subsidies for electricity from renewable waste fractions Market is clearly dominated by grate-based systems Gasification and pyrolysis systems failed Fluidised bed systems are used only in few cases for special wastes or waste fractions

31 31 Grate Incineration as the Leading Technology for EfW EuropeUSA Japan Other Nations Number of EfW Plants

32 FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant in Cologne/Germany

33 33 Roller Grate System Deutsche Babcock Moving Grate System Noell Air- or water cooled Air-cooled Moving Grate System Steinmueller Air- or water cooled The Grate Systems of FBE

34 34 Roller Grate System (Deutsche Babcock Anlagen) Worldwide more than 250 Units References up to 40 t/h

35 35 Step Moving Grate System (Noell) Solution for small waste piles Optimized for water cooling

36 36 Step Moving Grate System (Steinmüller) References up to 35 t/h capacity maximum capacity approx. 40 t/h Versatile application Water cooling possible for high calorific values Our most flexible and installed system

37 37 Grate Function - Steinmüller ReturnStroke Central Position Forward Stroke 1 - Grate Drive 5 - Side Wear Plate 2 - Grate Carriage 6 - Grate Step 3 - Rocker Shaft 7 - Grate Module, moveable 4 - Raceway 8 - Grate Module, fixed

38 FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant in Cologne/Germany

39 39 - earthquake resistant, if designed accordingly (top supported system) - no extra steel structure is required for the housing - complete water/steam-cooled body (tube-fin construction), incl. grate side walls and grate steps - no slagging on side walls due to water cooling (no air is required) - boiler can be executed vertically or horizontally - high temperature & high pressure experience - total optimized system for high efficiency with low flue gas exit temperatures - maintenance friendly, i.e. short outages, because boiler walls are easily accessible (only covered by insulation), pressure parts do not take up any additional weights, only few downcomers and these are within the boiler contours FBE Boiler System

40 40 Steam Generator with natural circulation system Top or bottom supported Design: Vertically Horizontally Lane arrangement Technology - Steam Generator

41 41 Boiler Tube Protection - Cladding - future oriented protective system for gas swept furnace walls against corrosion - high alloy weld material - application in the workshop or on site - suitable for the subsequent repair of tubes which have been wasted by corrosion - standard for furnace side walls, furnace roof and transition area at the end of the refractory - no refractory in furnaces when using high calorific fuels - more than 10 years of experience (fully cladded boiler more than 4 years)

42 FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant in Cologne/Germany

43 43 Technology - Flue Gas Treatment. All state-of-the-art processes for removal of - HCI, HF, SO 2, NOx - Particles and dust - Heavy metals - Dioxine and furanes - Organic compounds

44 44 Principle Scheme of the Flue Gas Cleaning System for Halmstad

45 45 Pollutant Control Efficiencies of Flue Gas Treatment Components Incineration Boiler & ESP HCl- Scrubber SO 2 - Scrubber Entrained Flow Absorber / Bag Filter Clean Gas Control Efficiency HCl 8%1%88,2%1,8%0,8%0,2%> 99,8% HF 40%3%10%46%0,6%0,4%> 99,6% SO 2 30%1%1,5%64%1%2,5%> 97,5% Ash / Particulate Matter 10%88%0,5%0,3%0,7%0,5%> 99,5% Cd, TI 11%80%3%1,5%4%0,5%> 99,5% Hg 0,1%0,4%75%13%10,25%1,25%> 98,5% Sb, As, Pb, Cr, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, V, Sn 67%30%1%0,75%1%0,25%> 99,5% PCDD / PCDF 7%3,5%87%2,5%> 97,5% Energy-from-Waste: Flue Gas Cleaning

46 46 Flue Gas from Boiler ID fan Press. Air Recycle Stream Fabric Filter Press. Air Activated Lignite Ca(OH) 2 Press. Air Process Water Flue Gas Cooler Stack Residue Silo Sealing Air Boiler Ash D / F = ng/m³ STP dry D / F = 0.1 ng/m³ STP dry Energy-from-Waste - A Modern Flue Gas Cleaning Concept

47 47 Semi Dry SystemWet System Emission Limit Value and Averaged Operational Level for both FGC Concepts Averaged operational value Fluctuation margin Safety margin ELV (Emission LIMIT value Fluctuation emission value during operation

48 FBE - The Company 2. Waste Management 3. Waste Market Situation 4. FBE - Grate Technology 5. FBE - Steam Generator Technology 6. FBE - Gas Cleaning Technology 7. References

49 49 MSW Incineration Plant Cologne Location: Cologne, Germany Purchaser: Abfallverwertungs- und Entsorgungsgesellschaft (AVG) Year of Start Up: 1997 FBE Scope of Supply: Turn-key plant, incl. Waste sorting system, Firing system, Steam Generator, Flue Gas Cleaning, Turbine

50 50 MSW Incineration Plant Cologne Waste Bunker Waste Sorting System Waste Fire Flue Gas Cleaning Emission Control and Stack

51 51 Wastes: - household waste - bulky waste - industrial waste - non hazardous hospital waste Capacity: waste received: t / a waste incinerated: t / a Calorific value: kJ / kg Grate / furnace: Roller grate with parallel flow combustion Incineration lines: 4 Steam parameters: 40 bar / 400°CFlue gas: 4 x Nm³ / h (dry) Steam production: t / aGypsum: t / a Electricity production: kWh / aFilter dust: t / a District heating: kWh / aSlag: t / a MSW Incineration Plant Cologne Technical Data

52 52 Location Copenhagen, Denmark Purchaser I/S Vestforbraending Fuel Municipal Solid Waste Capacity 1 x 35 t/h Grate system Forward moving grate Start-up 2005 FBE Scope of supply Firing system Steam generator Flue gas cleaning (partly) Glostrup / Denmark

53 53 Location Oberhausen, Germany Purchaser Gemeinschafts- Müllverbrennungsanlage Niederrhein GmbH Fuel Municipal Solid Waste Capacity 1 x 25 t/h Grate system Roller grate Year of Start-up 2006 FBE Scope of Supply Firing system Steam Generator Electrostatic Precipitator Oberhausen-Niederrhein / Germany

54 54 Location Jönköping, Sweden Purchaser Jönköping Energi AB Fuel Municipal Solid Waste Capacity 1 x 22 t/h Grate system Forward moving grate (Water cooled) Year of Start-up 2006 FBE Scope of Supply Firing system Steam Generator Jönköping / Sweden

55 55 Location Herten, Germany Purchaser RZR Herten II GmbH Fuel Municipal Solid Waste Capacity 2 x 17.4 t/h Grate system Forward moving grate Year of Start-up 2008 FBE Scope of Supply Extension of existing plant by 2 new incineration lines on a Turn-key basis (incl. Grate, Boiler, Flue-Gas- Cleaning, Civil, Turbine) Herten / Germany

56 56 Thank you for your attention! For further information please do not hesitate to contact us. We can offer you tailor-made solutions, turnkey plants, and comprehensive services. We look forward to getting to know you and your requirements. FISIA BABCOCK ENVIRONMENT GmbH Fabrikstrasse 1 D Gummersbach/Germany Telefax: +49 / /


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