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JET PUMPS introduction POMPY STRUMIENIOWE wstęp Akademia Rolnicza w Krakowie, Katedra Inżynierii Wodnej Agricultural University of Krakow, Dept. of Water.

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Prezentacja na temat: "JET PUMPS introduction POMPY STRUMIENIOWE wstęp Akademia Rolnicza w Krakowie, Katedra Inżynierii Wodnej Agricultural University of Krakow, Dept. of Water."— Zapis prezentacji:

1 JET PUMPS introduction POMPY STRUMIENIOWE wstęp Akademia Rolnicza w Krakowie, Katedra Inżynierii Wodnej Agricultural University of Krakow, Dept. of Water Engineering dr inż. Leszek Ksiazek Seminarium dyplomowe 25 Listopad 2004, Kraków

2 Plan prezentacji: 1. Wstęp 2. Przykład pompy strumieniowej (jet pump) 3. Zasada działania pompy Venturiego 4. Przykłady zastosowania + film (6 min.)

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4 1. What is a Jet Pump (pompa strumieniowa)? A JET PUMP is the same as an EJECTOR or (sometimes) an INJECTOR or an EDUCTOR. It is not the same as a VENTURI PUMP or an AIRMOVER. A jet pump is a pump (!) and is therefore, by definition, used to increase the pressure or the speed (or both) of a FLUID. You will notice there are no moving parts. A fluid may be either a GAS (like air) or a LIQUID (like water) or a changeable substance (like steam). In any pump ENERGY is put in and then taken out in a different form. For example, in a CENTRIFUGAL PUMP, or FAN, the energy is introduced through a rotating shaft. 1. What is a Jet Pump (pompa strumieniowa)? A JET PUMP is the same as an EJECTOR or (sometimes) an INJECTOR or an EDUCTOR. It is not the same as a VENTURI PUMP or an AIRMOVER. A jet pump is a pump (!) and is therefore, by definition, used to increase the pressure or the speed (or both) of a FLUID. You will notice there are no moving parts. A fluid may be either a GAS (like air) or a LIQUID (like water) or a changeable substance (like steam). In any pump ENERGY is put in and then taken out in a different form. For example, in a CENTRIFUGAL PUMP, or FAN, the energy is introduced through a rotating shaft.

5 What is a Jet Pump? In a jet pump, it goes in as a high speed jet of fluid, called the PRIMARY FLOW, or the MOTIVE FLOW. In both it is taken out mostly as increased pressure of a stream of fluid passing through. In a jet pump this stream is called the SECONDARY FLOW or the INDUCED FLOW and is said to be ENTRAINED by the primary flow. The primary flow and the secondary flow are discharged from the pump as a mixture called the COMBINED FLOW or the DELIVERED FLOW, or sometimes the TOTAL FLOW. What is a Jet Pump? In a jet pump, it goes in as a high speed jet of fluid, called the PRIMARY FLOW, or the MOTIVE FLOW. In both it is taken out mostly as increased pressure of a stream of fluid passing through. In a jet pump this stream is called the SECONDARY FLOW or the INDUCED FLOW and is said to be ENTRAINED by the primary flow. The primary flow and the secondary flow are discharged from the pump as a mixture called the COMBINED FLOW or the DELIVERED FLOW, or sometimes the TOTAL FLOW.

6 2. Typowa pompa strumieniowa – typical jet pump (1)

7 Jet – wysokociśnieniowy strumień cieczy

8 Typy pomp strumieniowych

9 3. Zwężka Venturiego (1) Równanie Bernouliego dla cieczy idealnej dla przekrojów 1-1 i p.por.

10 Równanie Bernouliego dla cieczy idealnej dla przekrojów 1-1 i 2-2 z 2 = 0 p 2 = ? 2 = ? p 1 = ? z 1 = 0 1 = ? (2) strat = 0

11 Po podstawieniu do równania (2) (3) (4)

12 Analiza jakościowa (4) prędkość v 2 > v 1 dlatego v 2 2 /2g > v 1 2 /2g dla cieczy idealnej E 2 = E 1 z bilansu energi wynika p 2 / < p 1 / Równanie ciągłości strugi Q 1 =Q 2 ; F 1 v 1 =F 2 v 2

13 Przykład v 2 2 /2g > v 1 2 /2g p 2 / < p 1 / podciśnienie zasysanie z zewnątrz (powietrza, cieczy)

14 4. A Jet Pump in action

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16 The AUS016 is a jet pump, and so has no moving parts. It weighs only 22kg/49lb. Driven by medium pressure water, it can pump up to 20 tons/hour of solids of up to 38mm/11\2'' size. It can deliver to more than 60m height or 100m distance. Branch sizes are 80mm/3'' and 100mm/4''. It is made of stainless steel, acetal and high- chrome iron for long resistance to both wear and corrosoin.

17 The Seaton Pump is a lightweight (18kg/37lb) jet pump for deployment by diver, rov or other means. It will pass solids of up to 75mm/3'' at up to 40 tons/hour. It is made of acetal or hardened steel and stainless steel, and is equiped with disintergration or dilution jets. Supply water is up to 7bar/100psi.

18 Jet Pump - pompa strumieniowa PRIMARY FLOW, or the MOTIVE FLOWa high speed jet of fluid) – strumień PRIMARY FLOW, or the MOTIVE FLOW (a high speed jet of fluid) – strumień wymuszający ruch cieczy the SECONDARY FLOW or the INDUCED FLOW – przepływająca mieszanina cieczy i zawiesiny, której ruch został wymuszony

19 Jet pump – pompa strumieniowa

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21 A.W. Wakefield, 2002, An introduction to the jet pump, Stanford and GENFLO R Technology, Ed.V


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