Pobieranie prezentacji. Proszę czekać

Pobieranie prezentacji. Proszę czekać

PSYCHOLOGICZNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA DZIECI REPREZENTUJĄCYCH ROŻNE STOPNIE

Podobne prezentacje


Prezentacja na temat: "PSYCHOLOGICZNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA DZIECI REPREZENTUJĄCYCH ROŻNE STOPNIE"— Zapis prezentacji:

1 PSYCHOLOGICZNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA DZIECI REPREZENTUJĄCYCH ROŻNE STOPNIE
UPOŚLEDZENIA UMYSŁOWEGO Na upośledzenie umysłowe składają się dwa komponenty: funkcjonowanie intelektualne jest znacznie niższe od przeciętnego i pojawia się we wczesnych latach życia, znaczne osłabienie zdolności przystosowania się do wymagań społecznych. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

2 OGÓLNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA DZIECI
Przedziały ilorazów inteligencji są tak duże, że różnice między dziećmi górnej i dolnej granicy przedziałów są znaczne ze względu na dynamikę rozwoju i maksymalne możliwości (pułap rozwoju). OGÓLNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA DZIECI UPOŚLEDZONYCH UMYSŁOWO Różnice pomiędzy dziećmi upośledzonymi umysłowo dotyczą możliwości w zakresie rozwoju procesów: poznawczych, percepcyjnych, emocjonalnych, jak również umiejętności społecznych. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

3 i dodatkowymi zaburzeniami procesów psychicznych.
Częściej u dzieci niepełnosprawnych intelektualnie występują: wady wzroku i słuchu, ograniczenia w myśleniu abstrakcyjnym (myślenie ich związane jest z konkretnymi sytuacjami dostępnymi we własnym doświadczeniu), obniżenie ciekawości poznawczej, dociekliwości, osłabienie koncentracji uwagi na jednym przedmiocie przez dłuższy czas, co utrudnia im realizację dłuższych zadań. Trudności w uczeniu się spowodowane są również różnorodnymi fragmentarycznymi deficytami rozwojowymi i dodatkowymi zaburzeniami procesów psychicznych. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

4 J.Pilecka: „we współczesnej psychologii bardzo mocno
podkreśla się, podobieństwo przebiegu psychomotorycznego rozwoju dzieci o obniżonej sprawności umysłowej oraz dzieci z normą intelektualną przyjmując następujące założenia: dzieci upośledzone umysłowo przechodzą poszczególne stadia rozwoju w tej samej kolejności co zdrowe, jednak w znacznie wolniejszym tempie i nie zawsze w pełni realizują swój potencjał rozwojowy, 2) charakteryzują się podobną strukturą inteligencji , na określonych poziomach rozwoju reagują w podobny sposób, jak dzieci z normą intelektualną na bodźce środowiskowe”. (Pilecka, 1998, s. 9) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

5 POZIOM UPOŚLEDZENIA LEKKI UMIARKOWANY ZNACZNY GŁĘBOKI
maksymalny poziom rozwoju umysłowego w wieku 15 – 21 lat osiąga wiek inteligencji 8 – 12 lat w wieku 15 lat osiąga wiek inteligencji 7 – 8 lat w wieku 8 – 10 lat osiąga wiek inteligencji do 3 lat osoby dorosłe nie przekraczają poziomu intelektualnego dziecka w wieku 5 – 6 lat nie wykształcone są procesy intelektualne i myślenie maksymalny poziom dojrzałości społecznej 17 lat 10 lat 4 lata Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

6 UPOŚLEDZENIE UMYSŁOWE W STOPNIU LEKKIM
Informacje ogólne: Iloraz inteligencji waha się w granicach: od 55 do 69 (skala Wechslera) 52 – 67 - WHO Jako osoby dorosłe nie przekraczają poziomu ogólnego rozwoju intelektualnego 12 -letniego dziecka. Pod względem dojrzałości społecznej osiągają poziom 17 – latka. (Kirejczyk, 1981) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

7 UPOŚLEDZENIE UMYSŁOWE W STOPNIU LEKKIM
Dzieci o tym samym ilorazie inteligencji (tu: u.u. w stopniu lekkim), w podobnym wieku i poziomie dojrzałości społecznej, „ cechują się wielką różnorodnością w zakresie funkcjonowania poszczególnych zdolności i umiejętności. Jedne dzieci mają kłopoty z analizą i syntezą słuchową, inne wykazują braki w zakresie percepcji wzrokowej. Są dzieci, które mają kłopoty z koncentracją uwagi, z zaburzoną pamięcią. Dzieci różnią się między sobą zdolnościami manualnymi, różne jest bowiem u różnych dzieci upośledzenie koordynacji wzrokowo – ruchowej rzutującej na precyzję wykonywanych ruchów”. (Kosmowska, 1999, s. 8) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

8 rozwój dziecka upośledzonego umysłowo przebiega
OGÓLNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA OSÓB Z UPOŚLEDZENIEM UMYSŁOWYM W STOPNIU LEKKIM W OBRĘBIE POSZCZEGÓLNYCH PROCESÓW POZNAWCZYCH: rozwój dziecka upośledzonego umysłowo przebiega przy zaburzonym funkcjonowaniu układu nerwowego, różnią się od zdrowych rówieśników o takim samym wieku inteligencji: upośledzeniem różnych rodzajów percepcji, mają gorszą pamięć logiczną – bezpośrednią i trwałą, mniejszą trwałość i podzielność uwagi dowolnej, uboższy zasób słów, dotyczy to zwł. mowy czynnej, u większości dzieci rozpoczynających naukę: niewłaściwa artykulacja (dyslalie), agramatyzmy, Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

9 nie ma różnic w pamięci mechanicznej, skojarzeniowej
bezpośredniej i trwałej, MYŚLENIE: nie ma różnic między dzieckiem zdrowym a upośledzonym w przechodzeniu do kolejnych etapów rozwoju myślenia; ALE: u dzieci upośledzonych rozwój myślenia przebiega w wolniejszym tempie, zatrzymuje się w stadium tzw. operacji konkretno – obrazowych, w związku z czym: nie rozumieją pojęć abstrakcyjnych, nie ujmują pojęć na poziomie uogólnionym; ich wnioskowanie jest zaburzone; Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

10 najlepiej radzą sobie z wnioskowaniem w codziennych,
MYŚLENIE: najlepiej radzą sobie z wnioskowaniem w codziennych, prostych sytuacjach życiowych, dobre wyniki osiągają w rozumowaniu na materiale konkretnym, upośledzona zdolność do myślenia abstrakcyjnego, brak samodzielności w myśleniu, duże trudności w syntetycznym ujmowaniu zdobytych wiadomości i wiązania ich w logiczne całości (ubóstwo wnioskowania i sądów), małe zdolności kombinacyjne, z wielką trudnością tworzą pojęcia, ich wyobrażenia są więc raczej odtwarzane, uboga wyobraźnia twórcza, Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

11 nie rozumieją wielu słów, zwł. określających przedmioty
MYŚLENIE – cd.: nie rozumieją wielu słów, zwł. określających przedmioty oraz bardzo złożone i skomplikowane zjawiska, mają trudności w wyrażaniu swoich myśli i rozumieniu wypowiedzi innych osób, często nie potrafią wykrywać istotnych różnic i podobieństw między przedmiotami; powoduje to u nich trudności w wydawaniu sądów i wyciąganiu wniosków. SPOSTRZEGANIE: niedokładne, wolne, ma węższy zakres w stosunku do spostrzegania dzieci w normie intelektualnej. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

12 ROZWÓJ PSYCHOMOTORYCZNY: jest zaburzony, opóźniony.
dopiero pod koniec 1 roku życia dziecko potrafi samodzielnie siedzieć; jeszcze w wieku 2 lat ruchy dziecka są mało precyzyjne i nieskoordynowane. WRAŻLIWOŚĆ I POWINNOŚĆ MORALNA: u dzieci lekko upośledzonych umysłowo - w porównaniu z dziećmi o prawidłowym rozwoju umysłowym - występuje mniejsza wrażliwość i powinność moralna (Kostrzewski, 1981). Pomimo tego, w codziennych kontaktach z bliskimi osobami, przejawiają dużą potrzebę więzi uczuciowej, cierpią z powodu braku akceptacji, cieszą się, gdy są nagradzane i obdarowane serdeczną aprobatą (Maciarz, 1992). Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

13 SFERA EMOCJONALNA: chwiejność emocjonalna,
niedokształcenie uczuciowości wyższej, mniejsza wrażliwość, nadmierna zależność, problem z trafnym odczytywaniem uczuć innych osób, impulsywność, niepokój, niska samoocena / brak realnej oceny własnej osoby, trudności z samokontrolą, gdy czują się zagrożone, reagują w sposób patologiczny, stąd często można u nich obserwować zachowanie niewspółmiernie gwałtowne w stosunku do bodźca, które je wywołał (zachowania agresywne, impulsywne / wycofanie się, apatia) sugestywność, lepkość emocjonalna (Wyszyńska, 1987; Kruk- Lasocka, 1994) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

14 INNE: nadmiernie ruchliwe, z oznakami nadmiernego zmęczenia,
zwolnione tempo pracy, brak samodzielności, pomysłowości, przemyślanego planu działania, są wrażliwe na pochwałę, co pozwala na zaangażowanie w pracę przez nich wykonywaną, zdolne do uczenia się dzięki mechanizmowi naśladownictwa i identyfikacji zachowań społecznie pożądanych, trudności z przystosowaniem się do życia społecznego m.in. z powodu: przejawianych nieadekwatnych reakcji emocjonalnych oraz niskiego poziomu empatii. (Giryński, 1989; Kosmowska, 1999) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

15 trudności w opanowaniu technik szkolnych, z wykonaniem
NAUKA W SZKOLE: trudności w opanowaniu technik szkolnych, z wykonaniem rysunków, prac ręcznych, problem z ćwiczeniami fizycznymi, co wynika m.in. z: zaburzonej orientacji przestrzennej, zaburzonej lateralizacji, obniżonej funkcji analizatora wzrokowego / słuchowego, zaburzonej dynamiki procesów emocjonalnych (zbyt powolne / pobudzone), zaburzeń pamięci i koncentracji uwagi, zaburzeń dot. rozwoju mowy, braku motywacji do nauki, zaburzeń dot. motoryki, koordynacji wzrokowo – ruchowej. (Kosmowska, 1999) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

16 UPOŚLEDZENIE UMYSŁOWE W STOPNIU UMIARKOWANYM
Informacje ogólne: Iloraz inteligencji waha się w granicach: od 40 do 54 (skala Wechslera). 36-51 – WHO W wieku 15 lat osiąga wiek inteligencji 7-8 lat. Pod względem dojrzałości społecznej max. osiągają poziom 10 – latka. (Kirejczyk, 1981) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

17 PROCESY ORIENTACYJNE – SPOSTRZEGANIE:
OGÓLNA CHARAKTERYSTYKA OSÓB Z UPOŚLEDZENIEM UMYSŁOWYM W STOPNIU UMIARKOWANYM W OBRĘBIE NASTĘPUJĄCYCH PROCESÓW POZNAWCZYCH: PROCESY ORIENTACYJNE – SPOSTRZEGANIE: obniżona sprawność spostrzegania, spostrzeganie cech konkretnych, trudności w odróżnianiu cech ważnych. UWAGA: trudności z koncentrowaniem uwagi dowolnej, dobra koncentracja przy wykonywaniu czynności prostych, mechanicznych i na interesujących przedmiotach, dominacja uwagi mimowolnej. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

18 MOWA: znacznie opóźniony rozwój mowy
pojedyncze wyrazy dopiero ok. 5 r. ż., proste zdania – ok. 7 r.ż. posługiwanie się prostymi zdaniami, liczne agramatyzmy, często wadliwa, niewyraźna wymowa, ograniczony zasób słownictwa, brak pojęć abstrakcyjnych. MYŚLENIE: słabo rozwinięte myślenie pojęciowo-słowne, myślenie ma charakter konkretno-obrazowy, upośledzone rozumowanie przyczynowo-skutkowe, bardzo wolne tempo i sztywność myślenia, brak samodzielności, krytycyzmu, zdolności do samokontroli, definicje pojęć poprzez opis przedmiotu i materiału, z którego jest zrobiony lub „przez użytek”. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

19 mogą opanować elementy nauki czytania, pisania
NAUKA: mogą opanować elementy nauki czytania, pisania i liczenia w klasach – zespołach edukacyjno – terapeutycznych (dawniej zwanych potocznie „klasach życia”), mogą być przyuczane do wykonywania prostych czynności zawodowych, pod kontrolą i nadzorem obsługiwać proste urządzenia i maszyny (praca w zakładach pracy chronionej). Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

20 PROCESY WYKONAWCZE – MOTORYKA:
poważnie opóźniony rozwój ruchowy: siadanie w 2 r. ż., chodzenie w 3 r. ż., dość dobre radzenie sobie z samoobsługą, możliwość wykonywania prostych czynności zawodowych pod nadzorem, ruchy mało precyzyjne, wolne tempo czynności ruchowych. PROCESY EMOCJONALNO – MOTYWACYJNE, DOJRZAŁOŚĆ SPOŁECZNA: wrażliwość emocjonalna, głębokie przywiązanie do wychowawców, słaba kontrola nad emocjami, popędami, dążeniami, nie są do końca samodzielne i niezależne. (Kirejczyk, 1981; Kostrzewski, 1981; Lovaas 1993; Bożyszkowska, 1993) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

21 UPOŚLEDZENIE UMYSŁOWE W STOPNIU ZNACZNYM
Informacje ogólne: Iloraz inteligencji waha się w granicach: od 25 do 39 ( skala W. Wechslera) 20-35 – WHO Jako osoby dorosłe nie przekraczają poziomu ogólnego rozwoju intelektualnego 6-letniego dziecka. Pod względem dojrzałości społecznej osiągają poziom dziecka 8-letniego. (K. Kirejczyk, 1981). Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

22 - poważnie obniżona sprawność i szybkość spostrzegania, niedokładne,
SPOSTRZEGANIE: - poważnie obniżona sprawność i szybkość spostrzegania, niedokładne, ma trudności w rozpoznawaniu przedmiotów i wyodrębnianiu elementów. KONCENTRACJA UWAGI: poważnie zaburzona koncentruje się tylko na przedmiotach służących zaspokajaniu potrzeb lub wyróżniających się np. zdecydowaną barwą, - dominuje uwaga mimowolna, brak jest uwagi dowolnej. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

23 ZAPAMIĘTYWANIE: znacznie utrudnione zakres pamięci jest znikomy,
mała trwałość pamięci, potrafi zapamiętać tylko najprostsze układy na rytmice, osoby dorosłe potrafią powtórzyć zdanie 12 sylabowe, 4 cyfry, zapamiętać i wykonać 3 proste polecenia. MOWA: rozwój mowy głęboko opóźniony pojedyncze wyrazy wypowiada dopiero się w wieku szkolnym, często nie buduje zdań, wypowiada się monosylabami lub jednym wyrazem, niekiedy używa prostych zdań, nie odmienia przez przypadki, - mowa jest bełkotliwa, - ma minimalny zasób słownictwa. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

24 jedynie sensoryczno – motoryczne, bardzo słabo rozwinięte w działaniu,
MYŚLENIE : jedynie sensoryczno – motoryczne, bardzo słabo rozwinięte w działaniu, głęboko upośledzone jest myślenie pojęciowo – słowne. ROZWÓJ RUCHOWY: głęboko upośledzony siadanie i chodzenie opanowuje w wieku przedszkolnym, może przyswoić sobie ruchy niezbędne do wykonywania prostych czynności związanych z samoobsługą – wymaga to jednak dłuższego ćwiczenia, - poważnie upośledzona jest motoryka rąk. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

25 SFERA EMOCJONALNA I DOJRZAŁOŚĆ SPOŁECZNA:
zdolne do okazywania uczuć, przywiązania, choć wyrażają je w sposób prymitywny, nie kontrolują emocji i popędów, są mało samodzielne, realizują proste potrzeby oraz dbają o higienę osobistą NAUKA: charakteryzują się tak niskim poziomem rozwoju umysłowego, że nauka czytania, pisania, czy liczenia jest całkowicie niemożliwa, mogą funkcjonować w zespołach edukacyjno – terapeutycznych, dzięki którym potrafią opanować wiele prostych czynności życia codziennego oraz proste prace wchodzące w skład nieskomplikowanych zawodów, - nie są zdolne do samodzielnego życia i wymagają opieki osoby drugiej. (Kirejczyk, 1981; Sękowska, 1983; Doroszewska, 1989; Dykcik, 1997; Sowa, 1997) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

26 UPOŚLEDZENIE UMYSŁOWE W STOPNIU GŁĘBOKIM
Informacje ogólne: Iloraz inteligencji waha się w granicach: od 0 do 24 (skala W. Wechslera). WHO Nie wykształcone są procesy intelektualne i myślenie. Maksymalny poziom dojrzałości społecznej to 4 lata. Zwolnione są z obowiązku szkolnego, wymagają stałej opieki i pielęgnacji. (K. Kirejczyk, 1981). Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

27 SFERA POZNAWCZA, MOTORYCZNA, EMOCJONALNA, SPOŁECZNA:
bardzo zaburzone procesy orientacyjne, głęboko zaburzone spostrzeganie, niektóre dzieci nie są w stanie skoncentrować wzroku na przedmiocie, reagują głównie na bodźce sygnalizujące pokarm, - u niektórych brak objawów koncentracji uwagi mimowolnej, niemożliwe jest zapamiętywanie i uczenie się, niewykształcona mowa, opanowują 2 – 3 wyrazy i rozumieją kilka prostych poleceń, - zdolne do opanowania chodzenia, ruchy są automatyczne, stereotypowe, nie służą wykonaniu czynności, zdolne są do wyrażania prostych emocji, najczęściej jednak występuje u nich brak objawów życia uczuciowego i przejawów samodzielności. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

28 pierwsze miesiące życia dziecka - obserwuje się u nich:
DODATKOWE INFORMACJE dot. dzieci u.u.w stopniu głębokim pierwsze miesiące życia dziecka - obserwuje się u nich: a) niezwykłą bierność i apatię b) lub odwrotnie - niespokojne zachowanie – złe samopoczucie, krzyk, problemy ze snem i jedzeniem; c) zaburzenia w reakcjach emocjonalnych, np. brak uśmiechu na widok bliskich osób w końcu pierwszego kwartału życia, oraz znaczne opóźnienia w zdobywaniu umiejętności motorycznych, tj. mała ruchliwość, unoszenie i trzymanie głowy, zmiany pozycji ciała z pleców na bok lub brzuch, opóźnione siadanie i wstawanie po pierwszym roku życia; liczne zniekształcenia szkieletowe, które dodatkowo utrudniają przyjęcie prawidłowej postawy ciała i mogą prowadzić do uniemożliwienia poruszania się; Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

29 zaburzenia precyzji ruchów, koordynacji wzrokowo-
ruchowej oraz słuchowo-ruchowej; różnego rodzaju niedowłady, zburzenia napięcia mięśniowego, porażenia, natręctwa ruchowe oraz ogólna niezborność ruchowa; u dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym z głębokim upośledzeniem obserwuje się bardzo ograniczoną zdolność funkcjonowania sfery zmysłowo – ruchowej; w wieku szkolnym (od 6 do 21 lat) istnieje pewien rozwój sfery ruchowej, lecz nie udaje się osiągnąć osobistej samodzielności; Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

30 wiek dojrzały charakteryzuje się u osób z głębokim
upośledzeniem brakiem mowy czynnej, czasami ogranicza się ona do prostych dwuwyrazowych wypowiedzi; na każdym etapie rozwoju wymagają stałej opieki i pomocy, choć zdarzają się przypadki minimalnej zaradności społecznej w wieku dojrzałym; często wpadają w złość, która przybiera różnego rodzaju formy: krzyk, bicie, drapanie, rzucanie się na ziemię, przewracanie przedmiotów; wybuchy mogą mieć krótkotrwały charakter lub trwać całymi dniami; często u źródeł tych ataków leży niemożność zrozumienia takiej osoby przez otaczających ludzi; Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

31 przejawiają zachowania autostymulacyjne, które mogą
przebierać charakter wizualny, słuchowy i dotykowy; pojawiają się one w sytuacji, kiedy dziecko nie otrzymuje odpowiedniej dawki stymulacji; prawdopodobnie służy to utrzymaniu przy życiu sytemu nerwowego, który musi być pobudzany; stereotypie ruchowe, które są wynikiem niedojrzałość OUN – charakterystyczne zaburzenia w sferze ruchowej, np. kiwanie się - jest źródłem przyjemności, zmniejsza napięcie wywołane przez niezaspokojoną potrzebę ruchową; może ono zastępować płacz i ucieczkę w sytuacjach lękotwórczych i frustracyjnych; Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

32 nadwrażliwość na bodźce słuchowe; spostrzegają niewiele elementów;
nieumiejętność unikania fizycznych niebezpieczeństw; nie zawsze sposób wyrażania swoich potrzeb i uczuć jest właściwie i adekwatnie odbierany przez otoczenie; nie we wszystkich sytuacjach komunikacja otoczenia jest zrozumiała dla dziecka, które ma trudności w odbieraniu wrażeń słuchowych, a te z kolei wywierają ogromny wpływ na rozumienie przez niego mowy; (Garlicki, 1978; Olechnowicz, 1979; Pileccy, 1998; Orkisz i in. 2000) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

33 Epidemiologia upośledzenia umysłowego.
Wskaźniki i ich rodzaje uwzględnione w badaniach epidemiologicznych. Dane epidemiologiczne a planowanie służb na rzecz opieki i rewalidacji upośledzonych umysłowo. Upośledzenie umysłowe z epidemiologicznego punktu widzenia jest najliczniejszą przyczyną niepełnosprawności dzieci i młodzieży. Dotyczy ono 60-70% ogółu niepełnosprawnych osób w Polsce. Osoby upośledzone umysłowo stanowią od 1 do 3 procent ogólnej populacji. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

34 Rozpowszechnienie upośledzenia umysłowego WARTOŚĆ ILORAZU INTELIGENCJI
STOPIEŃ UPOŚLEDZENIA WARTOŚĆ ILORAZU INTELIGENCJI (wg Wechslera) WYSTĘPOWANIE W POPULACJI U.U. Lekki 80 % Umiarkowany 12 % Znaczny 7 % Głęboki 0 - 24 mniej niż 1 % Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

35 Epidemiologia upośledzenia umysłowego jest dziedziną
wiedzy , która zajmuje się badaniem rozpowszechnienia w populacji różnego rodzaju zaburzeń i czynników, które decydują o tym rozpowszechnieniu. Posługuje się 2 wskaźnikami : Zapadalność – określa liczbę nowych przypadków danego zaburzenia występujących w populacjach w ciągu roku. Rozpowszechnienie – określa liczbę wszystkich przypadków danego zjawiska występujących w określonej jednostce czasu bądź w danym momencie. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

36 Wszystkie wskaźniki wyraża się w stosunku do liczby
populacji np. na 1 tysiąc mieszkańców. Najczęściej stosowany wskaźnik w odniesieniu do upośledzenia umysłowego, to wskaźnik rozpowszechnienia. Wskaźniki epidemiologiczne upośledzenia umysłowego zależą od bardzo wielu czynników, m.in. od przyjętej definicji upośledzenia. Innym źródłem zmienności w badaniach epidemiologicznych jest różnica stosowanych metod. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

37 Wskaźnik rozpowszechnienia zależy od czynników
natury biologicznej i społecznej. Czynniki biologiczne : stan zaspokojenia potrzeb biologicznych człowieka; im lepszy stan zaspokojenia potrzeb biologicznych, tym mniej zaburzeń. Czynniki społeczne: problem tolerancji społecznej w stosunku do upośledzenia umysłowego jako zjawiska i osób dotkniętych tym z zjawiskiem. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

38 Na przykładzie osób z upośledzeniem w stopniu lekkim.
Zapadalność nie zależy od płci. W szkołach masowych: chłopcy -51,7%, dziewczynki-48,3%, na poziomie urodzeń jest lekka przewaga chłopców, ale potem to się wyrównuje. W szkołach specjalnych: chłopców – 62,9%, dziewczynek 37,1 %. ogromne zróżnicowanie. Na poziomie zapadalności nie ma różnic, ale w rozpowszechnieniu są. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

39 PARADOKS DOTYCZĄCY UPOŚLEDZENIA UMYSŁOWEGO
Polega on na tym, że w większości społeczeństw wskaźnik rozpowszechnienia upośledzenia umysłowego dzieci w wieku obowiązku szkolnego wynosi 2-3%, jeśli natomiast badać ten wskaźnik w całej populacji, uzyskuje się wynik około 1%. Ta rozbieżność wskaźników związana jest z faktem, że większość lekko upośledzonych umysłowo, którzy w szkole mają trudności z opanowaniem programu normalnego i mogą wymagać szkolenia specjalnego, po osiągnięciu dojrzałości mogą funkcjonować na poziomie pogranicza upośledzenia w stopniu lekkim i normy i „wtapiać się” w populację generalną. (Kostrzewski, Wald, 1981; Gustavsson, 1997; Kościelska, 2000; Wyczesany 2002) Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

40 W. Dykcik (red.) (1997). Pedagogika specjalna. Poznań Wyd. UAM.
LITERATURA: H. Bożyszkowska(red.)(1993). Nauczanie dzieci upośledzonych umysłowo w klasach specjalnych. Warszawa WSiP. J. Doroszewska (1989). Pedagogika specjalna. T. I i II. Wrocław – Warszawa – Kraków – Gdańsk – Łódź Ossolineum. W. Dykcik (red.) (1997). Pedagogika specjalna. Poznań Wyd. UAM. R. Garlicki (1978). Charakterystyka osób upośledzonych umysłowo w różnych stopniach według wieku metrykalnego w: J. Dziedzic. Kultura fizyczna w szkołach i zakładach dla upośledzonych umysłowo. Warszawa WSiP. A. Gustavsson (red.) (1997). Upośledzenie w społecznym zwierciadle. Warszawa Wyd. Żak. A. Giryński (1989). Funkcjonowanie młodzieży upośledzonej umysłowo w stopniu lekkim w rolach społecznych. Warszawa Wyd. Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiki Specjalnej im. Marii Grzegorzewskiej. Custom animation effects: picture changes during motion path (Advanced) To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2” and the Width box is set to 2”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation. On the slide, select the picture. In the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the first animation effect (fade effect for the picture), and then under Modify: Fade do the following: In the Start list, select With Previous. In the Speed list, select Fast. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click Add Effect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the second animation effect (motion path for the picture), and then under Modify: Right, in the Start list, select With Previous. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the arrow to the right of the second animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Right dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Speed box, enter 10 seconds. On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.) To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following: Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following: In the Custom Animation task pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 5. Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”. In the Shape Width box, enter 10”. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then select No line in the Line Color pane. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear. Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows: Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 1%. Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198. In the Transparency box, enter 60%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%. In the Transparency box, enter 90%. On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following: Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Center. Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following: Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left) In the Angle box, enter 90⁰. In the Stop position box, enter 70%. Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).

41 M. Kościelska (2000). Oblicza upośledzenia. Warszawa PWN.
K. Kirejczyk (red.) (1981). Upośledzenie umysłowe-pedagogika. Warszawa PWN. B. Kosmowska (1999). Dzisiaj się bawimy. Rewalidacja indywidualna prowadzona Metodą Dobrego Startu. Scenariusze zajęć dla klas I-IV szkoły specjalnej. Warszawa WSiP. J. Kostrzewski, I. Wald (1981). Podstawowe wiadomości o upośledzeniu umysłowym w: K. Kirejczyk (red.). Upośledzenie umysłowe. Pedagogika. Warszawa PWN. R. Kościelak (1989). Psychologiczne podst