Hawaii- the youngest of the 50 US states ( August 21, 1959 included a year). The only state lying only on the islands. Located in the archipelago of Hawaii, in the north -central part of the Pacific Ocean. The state capital is Honolulu on the island of O'ahu. The archipelago is of volcanic origin. It stretches over a length of nearly 2500 km. It consists of 137 islands, including 8 major among which 7 is zamieszkanych- Hawaii, O'ahu, Kaua'i, Moloka'i, Lana'i, Maui and Ni'ihau ; Kaho'olawe island is uninhabited. The area is mountainous islands, and in the archipelago 's many active volcanoes. After the states of Alaska, Florida, and California, Hawaii has the fourth longest coastline in the United States. Officially, the state lives of 1.2 million people, and in practice more than 1.3 million if you add the tourists and American soldiers of the armed forces. Most of them, nearly 1 million lives in the most densely populated island of Oahu. 6.6% of state residents are considered to be the indigenous people of Hawaii ( Polynesian ). The largest group of residents, about 41% are immigrants from Asia or their descendants. Hawaii is one of four states that before joining the United States was an independent country - the Kingdom and later the Republic of Hawaii, next to the Republic of Vermont, Texas, and California, and one of the two, next to Texas, which gained recognition in the international arena. Kingdom of Hawaii was a sovereign state from 1810 until 1893, when the monarchy was overthrown. Hawaii was an independent republic from 1894 to 1898 when it was annexed by the United States as a territory, becoming the 50 state in. 1959. Hawaii was the aim surprise attack on Pearl Harbor performed by the Japanese empire December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor and other military and naval installations on O'ahu, carried out by aircraft and miniature submarines led to the inclusion of the United States into World War II.
The population of Hawaii - In 2005, Hawaii's population was 1 275 194 people, which means an increase in the total population in Hawaii by 13 070 persons or 1.0 % compared to 2004 and by 63 657 persons or 5.3 % from 2000. This figure includes the birth of 48 111 people (96 028 47 917 births and death ), and the immigration of 16 956 people. State came to 30 068 people and left 13 112.Life expectancy in Hawaii in 2000 was 79.8 years ( 77.1 for men, 82.5 for women), more than in any other state.Military personnel in the state is around 1.3 % of the population of the island. The economy of Hawaii - Historically, Hawaii has played a significant role agriculture ( cultivation of sandalwood, sugar cane and pineapple ), military, and tourism. Since the establishment of the State of Hawaii in 1959, the most significant tourism industry has become, forming 24.3% of gross state product in 1997, despite the efforts made to diversify. State revenue in 2003 amounted to US $ 47 billion. Products exported by Hawaii are mostly food and clothing. These industries play a small role in the Hawaiian economy due to the large distance transport to viable markets, such as the West Coast of the United States. Food exported mainly coffee, macadamia nuts, pineapple and sugarcane. Sales of agricultural products in 2002, according to the Hawaiian agricultural statistical office, amounted to 370.9 million USD from various segments of agriculture, 100.6 million from pineapple cultivation and 64.3 million from sugarcane. Hawaii has a relatively high tax burden. In 2003, Hawaii residents had the highest taxes per capita in the entire United States, which in 2838 amounted to USD. This is partly because education, health and social care, for which appropriations are allocated directly by the state of Hawaii, in contrast to other states, where the money spent by the local authority.
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park was founded in 1916. Here you can admire the breathtaking volcanic landscape. Interestingly, it boasts two of the most active and the largest volcanoes in the world, allowing scientists to delve into the processes that led to the creation of the Hawaiian archipelago, and continue research on the processes occurring in the interiors of volcanoes. The park is also an ideal place to enjoy a very rare species of animals and plants.
Haleakala National Park, located on the island of Maui, was originally part of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, but it was finally separated. Extends to the area of 118 sq. Km, of which as many as 100 sq. Km is land untouched by man. Tourists can visit the park only specially designated winding road that leads along the windward side of the island. Its name in the Hawaiian language means "house of the sun", and local legends say that the hero Maui imprisoned the sun here to make your day last longer.
Honolulu is the largest city in the Hawaiian archipelago, and also the state capital. It is a major center for international business and military defense, because its area is Pearl Harbor. Interestingly, Honolulu in the Hawaiian language means " protected place ".
Molokini is a tiny island located 4 km from the coast of the island Mauri. The resulting flooding of the crater of the volcano, is now a unique tourist attraction because of its shape resembles a crescent moon. Also attracts lovers of diving - the water around it is very clean and transparent, and visibility reaches up to 46 meters !
This is one of the highest waterfalls located in Hawaii. It is 35 meters high and is located on the island of Kauai. Wailua leads to the foot of muddy and slippery path. Every year, devotees of extreme sports assemble along the route of the rope, but representatives of the state eliminate them from time to time, because it is very dangerous territory. Interestingly, in the past it was customary to prove masculinity Hawaiians by throwing down a waterfall. Although there is a risk of death and is illegal today are heroes who repeat this feat.
Hanuma Bay, the " curve of the bay " is a very popular and widely beloved tourist attraction. It is estimated that every year is visited by nearly 3 million tourists ! It is also a national park, and visitors are prohibited from touching, walking or having any other contact with the coral reef. The ban includes the mistreatment of animals that inhabit the bay. Hanauma is also the site of the Green Marine Turtles.
Polynesian Cultural Center is a theme park or as some call them " living museum ". Located on the northern coast of the island of Oahu. In addition to traditional and permanent exhibitions here, we can take part in additional activities. For example, every evening show is held, in which artists depict intercultural nature of Polynesia, for example. By presenting traditional dances.