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National and ethnic minorities in Poland Minority and regional languages.

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Prezentacja na temat: "National and ethnic minorities in Poland Minority and regional languages."— Zapis prezentacji:

1 National and ethnic minorities in Poland Minority and regional languages.

2 Nationalities 96.7% of the people of Poland claim Polish nationality 96.7% of the people of Poland claim Polish nationality 97.8% declare they speak Polish at home (Census 2002) 97.8% declare they speak Polish at home (Census 2002)

3 Nationalities Armenians 8,000 to 15,000 Armenians 8,000 to 15,000 Belarusians 48,700 Belarusians 48,700 Czechs 386 Czechs 386 Germans Germans Greeks 4 - 5,000 Greeks 4 - 5,000 Jews 25,000 Jews 25,000 Kashubians 500,000 Kashubians 500,000 Lemkish 60-70,000 Lemkish 60-70,000

4 Nationalities Lithuanians 5,639 Lithuanians 5,639 Macedonians 4,000 to 5,000 Macedonians 4,000 to 5,000 Romani 12,731 Romani 12,731 Russians 3244 Russians 3244 Silesians 2,000,000 Silesians 2,000,000 Slovaks 1710 Slovaks 1710 Tatars 447 Tatars 447 Ukrainians 27,172 Ukrainians 27,172 Americans, Turks, Hungarians, French, Italians, Serbs, Croats, Bulgarians, Romanians, Georgians, Africans, Palestinians, other Arabs, Kurds, Vietnamese Americans, Turks, Hungarians, French, Italians, Serbs, Croats, Bulgarians, Romanians, Georgians, Africans, Palestinians, other Arabs, Kurds, Vietnamese

5 Minority and regional languages Baltic Romany Baltic Romany Belarusian Belarusian Cieszyn Silesian dialect Cieszyn Silesian dialect German German Pomeranian Pomeranian Kashubian Kashubian Masurian dialect Masurian dialect North Central Romany North Central Romany Romani language Romani language Silesian Silesian Slovincian Slovincian Ukrainian Ukrainian

6 Minority Language(s) German, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Belarusian, Hebrew, Romany German, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Belarusian, Hebrew, Romany ARMENIAN - Old-Armenian form (called Grabar) used by several thousand of Polish Armenians exclusively in the liturgy of the Armenian-Catholic church. ARMENIAN - Old-Armenian form (called Grabar) used by several thousand of Polish Armenians exclusively in the liturgy of the Armenian-Catholic church. CZECH - Used by several hundred Polish Czechs in a few villages in Lower Silesia and in the town of Zelów in central Poland; mainly a home and church language; CZECH - Used by several hundred Polish Czechs in a few villages in Lower Silesia and in the town of Zelów in central Poland; mainly a home and church language; KARAIM - Spoken by several hundred of Polish Karaims (people of Turkic descent) in the church services of the Karaimic church; KARAIM - Spoken by several hundred of Polish Karaims (people of Turkic descent) in the church services of the Karaimic church; Lemkish (dialect of Ukrainian, regarded by some as a separate language) Lemkish (dialect of Ukrainian, regarded by some as a separate language) RUSSIAN - A mother tongue of approximately 2,000 Old-Believers living in northeastern Poland; RUSSIAN - A mother tongue of approximately 2,000 Old-Believers living in northeastern Poland; TATAR - The Tatar language died long time ago; the community has several thousand members. TATAR - The Tatar language died long time ago; the community has several thousand members. YIDDISH AND HEBREW - Spoken by a vestigial group of the Polish Jews, Yiddish as a home language of the oldest generation and Hebrew as a sacral language; YIDDISH AND HEBREW - Spoken by a vestigial group of the Polish Jews, Yiddish as a home language of the oldest generation and Hebrew as a sacral language; WILAMOWICEAN -Probably the least-spoken ethnolect in Poland and the last remnant of Germanic linguistic enclaves in southern Poland. WILAMOWICEAN -Probably the least-spoken ethnolect in Poland and the last remnant of Germanic linguistic enclaves in southern Poland. Source: Mercator News, Language Minorities in Old and New Europe by Tomasz Wicherkiewicz, «National and Ethnic Minorities in Poland: Interpreting the 2002 National Census» by Grzegorz Babiński; The Polish Foreign Affairs Digest (The Polish Foreign Affairs Digest), issue: 3 (12) / 2004

7 Bilingual communes in Poland Polish/German bilingual gminas (Gemeinden) in Opole Voivodeship (part of Silesia): Polish/German bilingual gminas (Gemeinden) in Opole Voivodeship (part of Silesia):GermanOpole VoivodeshipSilesiaGermanOpole VoivodeshipSilesia Gmina Biała (Gemeinde Zülz; since ) Gmina Biała (Gemeinde Zülz; since ) Gmina Biała Gmina Biała Gmina Bierawa (Gemeinde Birawa; since ) Gmina Bierawa (Gemeinde Birawa; since ) Gmina Bierawa Gmina Bierawa Gmina Chrząstowice (Gemeinde Chronstau; since ) Gmina Chrząstowice (Gemeinde Chronstau; since ) Gmina Chrząstowice Gmina Chrząstowice Gmina Izbicko (Gemeinde Stubendorf; since ) Gmina Izbicko (Gemeinde Stubendorf; since ) Gmina Izbicko Gmina Izbicko Gmina Jemielnica (Gemeinde Himmelwitz; since ) Gmina Jemielnica (Gemeinde Himmelwitz; since ) Gmina Jemielnica Gmina Jemielnica Gmina Kolonowskie (Gemeinde Colonnowska; since ) Gmina Kolonowskie (Gemeinde Colonnowska; since ) Gmina Kolonowskie Gmina Kolonowskie Gmina Lasowice Wielkie (Gemeinde Groß Lassowitz; since ) Gmina Lasowice Wielkie (Gemeinde Groß Lassowitz; since ) Gmina Lasowice Wielkie Gmina Lasowice Wielkie Gmina Leśnica (Gemeinde Leschnitz; since ) Gmina Leśnica (Gemeinde Leschnitz; since ) Gmina Leśnica Gmina Leśnica Gmina Prószków (Gemeinde Proskau; since ) Gmina Prószków (Gemeinde Proskau; since ) Gmina Prószków Gmina Prószków Gmina Radłów (Gemeinde Radlau; since ) Gmina Radłów (Gemeinde Radlau; since ) Gmina Radłów Gmina Radłów Gmina Reńska Wieś (Gemeinde Reinschdorf; since ) Gmina Reńska Wieś (Gemeinde Reinschdorf; since ) Gmina Reńska Wieś Gmina Reńska Wieś Gmina Strzeleczki (Gemeinde Strehlitz; since ) Gmina Strzeleczki (Gemeinde Strehlitz; since ) Gmina Strzeleczki Gmina Strzeleczki Gmina Tarnów Opolski (Gemeinde Tarnau; since ) Gmina Tarnów Opolski (Gemeinde Tarnau; since ) Gmina Tarnów Opolski Gmina Tarnów Opolski Gmina Turawa (Gemeinde Turawa; since r.) Gmina Turawa (Gemeinde Turawa; since r.) Gmina Turawa Gmina Turawa Gmina Ujazd (Gemeinde Ujest; since ) Gmina Ujazd (Gemeinde Ujest; since ) Gmina Ujazd Gmina Ujazd

8 Bilingual communes in Poland Gmina WalceGmina Walce (Gemeinde Walzen; since ) Gmina ZębowiceGmina Zębowice (Gemeinde Zembowitz; since ) Other gminas in Opole Voivodeship and Silesian Voivodeship which are permitted by the Act to make German an auxiliary language are Cisek, Dobrodzień, Dobrzeń Wielki, Głogówek, Komprachcice, Łubniany, Murów, Olesno, Pawłowiczki, and Krzanowice. (A map can be found on the website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration [1].)Opole VoivodeshipSilesian VoivodeshipCisekDobrodzieńDobrzeń WielkiGłogówekKomprachciceŁubnianyMurówOlesnoPawłowiczki Krzanowice[1] Polish/Kashubian bilingual gminas in Pomeranian Voivodeship:KashubianPomeranian Voivodeship Gmina ParchowoGmina Parchowo (Gmina Parchòwò; since ) Gmina SierakowiceGmina Sierakowice (Gmina Serakòwice; since ) Polish/Lithuanian bilingual gmina in Podlaskie Voivodeship:LithuanianPodlaskie Voivodeship Gmina PuńskGmina Puńsk (Punsko valsčius; since ) Polish/Belarusian bilingual gmina in Podlaskie Voivodeship:BelarusianPodlaskie Voivodeship Gmina HajnówkaGmina Hajnówka (urban commune; Гайнаўка; since ) Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilingual_communes_in_Poland"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilingual_communes_in_Poland

9 Kaszёbё Main organizations: Zrzeszenie Kaszubsko-Pomorskie, Instytut Kaszubski, Fundacja Kaszubski Uniwersytet Ludowy, Stowarzyszenie Ziemia Pucka. Press: Express kaszubski, Òdroda, Pomerania, Radio: Radio Kaszёbё, Na botach e w borach; Television: Rodno Zemia - TVP INFO. Biggest cultural events: Zjazdy Kaszubów – Rodnô Mòwa, Remusowa kara, Piszã pò kaszëbskù - królewiónka w pałacu, By nie zapomnieć mowy ojców im. Jana Drzeżdżona. Zjazdy Kaszubów – Rodnô Mòwa, Remusowa kara, Piszã pò kaszëbskù - królewiónka w pałacu, By nie zapomnieć mowy ojców im. Jana Drzeżdżona.

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