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Political situation of Poland after the elections in 2005 Agnieszka Krajewska

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1 Political situation of Poland after the elections in 2005 Agnieszka Krajewska am.krajewska@op.pl

2 Results of parliamentary elections September 2005

3 Parties that entered the Assembly: Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) 26,99%, 155 seats Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) 24,14%, 133 seats Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona RP) 11,41%, 56 seats Democratic Left Alliance (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej SLD) 11,31%, 55 seats League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) 7,97%, 34 seats Polish Peasant Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL) 6,96%, 25 mandatów German Minority Electoral Committee (Komitet Wyborczy Mniejszość Niemiecka) 0,29%, 2 mandaty

4 Parties that not entered the Assembly : Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) - 3.9% Democratic Party (Partia Demokratyczna) - 2.5% Janusz Korwin-Mikke Platform (Platforma Janusza Korwin-Mikke, PJKM) -1.6% Patriotic Movement (Ruch Patriotyczny) -1.1% Polish Labour Party (Polska Partia Pracy, PPP) - 0.8% (TURNAUT in Election to the Assembly 40.6 %)

5 Assembly (Sejm) composition PiS PO Samoobrona SLD LPR PSL German minority

6 Results of presidential elections October 2005

7 First round (%) Donald Franciszek Tusk 36,33 Lech Aleksander Kaczyński33,10 Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper 15,11 Marek Stefan Borowski10,33 Jarosław Kalinowski1,80 Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke1,43 Henryka Teodora Bochniarz1,26 Liwiusz Marian Ilasz0,21 Stanisław Tymiński0,16 Leszek Henryk Bubel0,13 Jan Pyszko0,07 Adam Andrzej Słomka0,06 ( TURNAUT – 49,74 )

8 Presidential campaign

9 Candidates` programs Kaczyński IV Republic of Poland social solidarity bringing those who were responsible for communist crimes to justice fighting corruption security in economy safety for families combining modernization with tradition and remembering the teachings of Pope John Paul II Tusk looking forward - not backward fiscal discipline lower cost of work fighting unemployment more transparent legislative procedures to create new jobs support polish entrepreneurs emphasis on education strong economical position of Poland pro rapid EU integration and accomplished free market

10 Second round (turnout 51%)

11 Failed coalition talks between Law and Justice (PIS) and Civic Platform (PO) PiS forms a minority government, Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz as the Prime Minister PO - opposition

12 5 May 2006 - coalition government The minority government of Law and Justice party forms a coalition deal with smaller Euro- sceptic and anti-reform parties : Samoobrona and LPR A. Lepper – Ministry of agriculture R. Giertych – Ministry of education

13 In July 2006 Marcinkiewicz tenders his resignation, Jarosław Kaczyński forms a new government and is sworn-in on 14 July, finally becoming prime minister. President Lech Kaczynski accepted Marcinkiewicz's resignation at the Presidential Palace in Warsaw on 10 July 2006 President Lech Kaczynski shakes hands with his twin brother Jaroslaw Kaczynski after nominating him as the new Polish prime minister on 10 July 2006

14 Polish public opinion according to CBOS Public opinion research center http://www.cbos.pl





19 Still more people believe that Poland is closer to a non- democratic system than to a democratic one and that the transformation of the Polish political system is not particularly advanced 1. 1. Good an bad sides of Polish democracy, CBOS report, April 2006, http://www.cbos.pl

20 The principal problem of democracy in Poland it's not the deficit of democratic potential of polish society, but a lack of the elites that would be able to evaluate the needs of people and to act in favour of potential modernization on the base of these needs 2. 2. Mira Marody, La question de la democratie en Pologne, La Pologne, Revue Pouvoirs, N 118, Seuil, 2006.

21 Bibliography: La Pologne, Revue Pouvoirs, N 118, Seuil, 2006. http://www.cbos.pl http://www.platforma.org http://www.tvp.pl http://pl.wikipedia.org http://www.wybory2005.pkw.gov.pl

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