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ADMINISTRATIVE ENGLISH. COURSE OUTLINE Basic terminology and issues in the administrative, economic, political and legal areas. Separation of powers:

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Prezentacja na temat: "ADMINISTRATIVE ENGLISH. COURSE OUTLINE Basic terminology and issues in the administrative, economic, political and legal areas. Separation of powers:"— Zapis prezentacji:

1 ADMINISTRATIVE ENGLISH

2 COURSE OUTLINE Basic terminology and issues in the administrative, economic, political and legal areas. Separation of powers: the legislative power, the executive power, the judicial power.

3 The concept of public administration. The system of public administration in Poland. Bodies and offices of public administration. Governmental administration. Local government and self-government.

4 The study and classification of law. Public and private law. Branches of law. Constitutional law. International law. Sources of law. Public finance. Budget. Taxes classification, tax return.

5 International organizations. Organization and functioning of an office. Preparing typical documents: messages and notes, s, letters, memos, short reports.

6 COURSE REQUIREMENTS AND GRADING The grade is going to be based on a final written test or/and papers/tasks.

7 COUNTRY

8 1. BEING A COUNTRY an area of land with its own people, government, etc. – obszar ziemi z własnym narodem, rządem, itd. Which country do you come from?

9 a country with its own government: state - państwo, (more formal) nation member states of the European Union – państwa członkowskie Unii Europejskiej the nations of Western Europe

10 national – krajowy, narodowy a national newspaper nationwide – ogólnokrajowy, o krajowym zasięgu a nationwide campaign

11 a country that is headed by – kraj, na którego czele stoi a president: republic a king or queen: monarchy, kingdom

12 a country that is a union of states: federation federal a federal law - prawo federalne

13 2. THE PEOPLE OF A COUNTRY a person who lives in a country: inhabitant the inhabitants of India

14 a person who is legally a member of a country: citizen a citizen of the United Kingdom citizenship Australian citizenship

15 being a citizen of a particular country: nationality What nationality are you? She has Greek nationality.

16 all the citizens of a country: the people, nation the people of France The President made a speech to the nation. Prezydent wygłosił mowę do narodu.

17 the number of people who live in a particular place: population The population of Poland is ???

18 3. PARTS OF A COUNTRY region, regional district – dystrykt, dzielnica province, provincial an area in Britain, Ireland and the USA that has its own local government: county - hrabstwo

19 the town or city where the government of a country is: capital - stolica ??? is the capital of the USA.

20 4. RELATIONS BETWEEN COUNTRIES foreign – zagraniczny, obcy a foreign language foreigner – obcokrajowiec, cudzoziemiec abroad – za granicą, za granicę Our son lives abroad.

21 sth that happens inside a country – coś, co ma miejsce w kraju: internal – wewnętrzny internal affairs – sprawy wewnętrzne

22 domestic – wewnętrzny, krajowy, domowy domestic flights – krajowe loty

23 internal external The current economic problems are caused by external factors. Obecne problemy gospodarcze spowodowane są czynnikami zewnętrznymi.

24 involving two or more countries – dotyczący co najmniej dwóch krajów: international an international trade agreement – międzynarodowa umowa handlowa

25 an agreement between two countries to support each other – umowa między dwoma krajami mająca na celu wzajemne wsparcie: alliance - sojusz a military alliance ally - sojusznik

26 if a country is not controlled by another country, it is independent – niepodległy, niezależny Slovenia became independent from Yugoslavia in Słowenia stała się niezależna od Jugosławii w 1991 roku. independence The Day of Independence in Poland is on ???

27 5. MOVING FROM ONE COUNTRY TO ANOTHER ACTIONPERSONMOVEMENT emigrate (going away from a country – wyjazd z kraju) emigrantemigration immigrate (entering a country – przyjazd do kraju) ??? migrate (going away to look for work – wyjazd w celu znalezienia pracy) ???

28 6. BEING FORCED TO LEAVE A COUNTRY ACTIONPERSONMOVEMENT deportdeported persondeportation exile – skazywać na wygnanie (political reasons) exile take refuge – schronić się (political & economic reasons) refugee – uchodźcarefuge - uchodźctwo seek for political asylum – ubiegać się o azyl political asylantpolitical asylum

29 ECONOMY

30 1. ECONOMIC SYSTEMS SYSTEMPERSONADJECTIVE capitalism (individuals own and run businesses) capitalist socialism – socjalizm (the state controls the economy) socialist - socjalistasocialist - socjalistyczny mixed economy – gospodarka mieszana

31 the operation of trade and business without government control – funkcjonowanie handlu i biznesu bez kontroli rządu: free enterprise – wolna konkurencja rynkowa private enterprise – sektor prywatny

32 an economy where the government does not fix prices – gospodarka, w której rząd nie ustala cen: free-market economy – gospodarka wolnorynkowa

33 2. MONEY the kind of money that a country uses – rodzaj pieniądza wykorzystywany przez kraj: currency – waluta a strong currency

34 connected with money – związany z pieniędzmi: monetary the Governments monetary policy - polityka monetarna rządu

35 the management of money: finance reduction of the value of money – obniżenie wartości pieniądza: devaluation The British pound has been devaluated by 3% against the Swiss franc. Funt brytyjski zdewaluował się o 3% w stosunku do franka szwajcarskiego.

36 tax – podatek to increase taxes – podnosić podatki taxation – opodatkowanie budget

37 the government department that controls spending and taxation – organ rządu kontrolujący wydatki system podatkowy: the Treasury – Skarb Państwa

38 3. TRADE AND INDUSTRY demand – popyt supply – podaż trade, commerce – handel commercial - ??? industry – przemysł industrial - ???

39 4. ECONOMIC CONDITIONS GNP (gross national product) – PNB (produkt narodowy brutto) GDP (gross domestic product) - ???

40 a period in which an economy develops quickly – okres, w którym gospodarka szybko się rozwija: boom

41 to be financially successful – odnosić sukces finansowy: prosper prosperity - koniunktura prosperous – dobrze prosperujący a prosperous company

42 a sudden fall in trade or the value of sth – nagły spadek w handlu lub wartości: slump – załamanie, kryzys a slump in house prices – spadek cen mieszkań

43 a period when a countrys economy is not successful: recession The economy is moving out of recession. Gospodarka wychodzi z recesji.

44 a very serious recession: depression Were facing another depression. Stoimy przed kolejnym głębokim kryzysem.

45 a failure in a business world – upadek, klęska w świecie biznesu: crash - krach the Wall Street crash of 1929

46 the general increase in prices – ogólny wzrost cen: inflation Inflation is now 2% per year. Inflacja wynosi obecnie 2% rocznie.

47 HOMEWORK 1. Revise names of countries and nationalities (especially European Union). 2. What are the main political ideas? 3. Find the Polish euivalents of the following proverbs: In the country of the blind, the one eyed man is a king. Money cant buy happiness. Nothing is certain but death and taxes.


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