Czas Present Perfect tworzymy za pomocą: czasownika HAVE (I, you, we, they) lub HAS (he, she, it) i tzw. trzeciej formy czasownika (Past Participle) I have flown in a helicopter. (I’ve flown…) She has won the lottery. (She’s won…) Have you flown in a helicopter? Yes,I have. Has she won the lottery? No, she hasn’t. I haven’t danced tango.
I’ve been to London. My brother has worked abroad. ale nie: My brother has worked abroad last year. My brother worked abroad last year. (Past Simple) Have you ever been to Mexico? Yes, I have. When did you go? I went last year. Present Perfect używamy gdy chcemy powiedziec o swoich dotychczasowych doświadczeniach.
ever / never EVER (?) Have you ever been to Holland? Yes, I have. NEVER (-) Have you ever been to Moscow? No, I haven’t. I have never been to Moscow.
already (+) He’s already finnished his homework. We’ve already seen that fim. I’ve already sent a postcard. yet (?) (-) Has he finnished his homework yet? Have you sent the postcard yet? I haven’t finished my homework yet. Gdy mówimy o czynnościach, które ktoś miał wykonać, używamy:
just (+) He’s just finnished doing his homework. I’ve just sent the postcard. The train has just left th platform. Gdy chcemy podkreślić, że coś właśnie/dopiero co się stało, używamy:
Które zdanie jest poprawne? 1.Ben have you already found your tent? czy… 2.Ben have you found your tent yet? Ben have you found your tent yet?
Które zdanie jest poprawne? Helena, have you yet bought a sleeping bag? czy… Helena, have you bought a sleeping bag yet?
I don’t need to buy a mobile, I’ve yet bought one. czy… I don’t need to buy a mobile, I’ve already bought one. Które zdanie jest poprawne?
Uzupełnij zdania: already, yet, just You’re late! The train has left the station. Have you finished playing the game ? I have done my homework, so I can go out. The taxi hasn’t arrived. already just yet