4 COUNTRIES INVOLVED IN THE MHL 2008 CAMPAIGN 26 European countries delared their involvement in the communication and inspection campaign “Manual Handling of Loads 2008”.(two of them support project)
5 PRODUCTS OF THE MHL 2008 CAMPAIGN The coordinator delivered campaign products in cooperation with NLIsCoherent inspection guidelines for EUSupplementary training materials for labour inspectorsPublications – 2 brochures i 2 postersMaterials for mass media (press releases, 2 advertising spots)Web page2 training animated movies,Summing up seminar
6 TRAINING MATERIALSIn April 2008 first communiqué and informational materials for social partners was sent to national leaders./Additional training materials was complied in the form of PowerPoint presentations. Labour inspectorates were entrusted with the task of running their own national training events.
7 TRAIN THE TRAINER PROGRAMME CountryTrainers participated in realizationInspectors participated in training programmeInspectors participated in the MHL Campaign 2008Total number of labour inspectors in your countryInspectors participated in training programme - %Inspectors participated in the MHL Campaign %Participated labour inspectors was train - %Austria43537308111295Belgium248401603025100Bulgaria1152803857341Cyprus183Czech Republic328Estonia8284957Finland103503Greece9829433Holland13320Ireland208524TOTAL:172126917796827AVE: 36AVE: 39AVE: 82
8 TRAIN THE TRAINER PROGRAMME CountryTrainers participated in realizationInspectors participated in training programme?Inspectors participated in the MHL Campaign 2008?Total number of labour inspectors in your country?Inspectors participated in training programme - %Inspectors participated in the MHL Campaign %Participated labour inspectors was train - %Italy300300*100Latvia139014064Lithuania23036207141783Malta187108070Poland437222914582616Portugal3101117267384486Romania5Slovakia9763212412Slovenia25Spain120890Sweden40451589TOTAL:17212691779682720 %28 %71%
9 TRAIN THE TRAINER PROGRAMME Ocena uzupełniającego programu szkoleniowego dla inspektorów pracy, stworzonego na potrzeby kampanii:N=21, w%Pozytywna90%Ocena szkoleń dla inspektorów pracy:N=21, w%`Pozytywna90%
10 BROCHURESNational leaders received the texts of publications – for translation into their national languages. We appreciate very much efforts of all NLIs concerning translation of the publications!
11 POSTERSIn order to produce publications, a professional photographic session which presented good practices in the retail trade and on a construction site was arranged. Graphic design of two brochures and two posters corresponded in its layout to the publications from 2007.
12 PUBLICATIONS – SUM UP 25 national versions for 22 countries 21 countries placed the national input17 language versions – German, French, Dutch, Bulgarian, English, Czech, Estonian, Greek, Spanish, Lithuanian, Latvian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Italian, Polish7 countries applied for funds for printing (Malta, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia, Italy)
13 PUBLICATION - DISTRIBUTION Ile broszur/plakatów poświęconych kampanii zostało rozdystrybuowanych?KrajBROSZURA BUDOWLANAPLAKAT BUDOWLANY1-100Ponad 3000NicPonad 3000AustriaBelgiaBulgariaCyprRepublika CzeskaEstoniaFinlandiaGrecjaHolandiaIrlandiaWłochyŁotwaLitwaMaltaPolskaPortugaliaRumuniaSłowacjaSłoweniaHiszpaniaSzwecja
14 PUBLICATION - DISTRIBUTION Ile broszur/plakatów poświęconych kampanii zostało rozdystrybuowanych?CountryBROSZURA HANDLOWAPLAKAT HANDLOWY1-100Ponad 3000NicAustriaBelgiaBulgariaCyprRepublika CzeskaEstoniaFinlandiaGrecjaHolandiaIrlandiaWłochyŁotwaLitwaMaltaPolskaPortugaliaRumuniaSłowacjaSłoweniaHiszpaniaSzwecja
15 EVALUATION 89% W jaki sposób broszury były dystrybuowane? Poprzez inspektorówPoprzez stronę wwwPrzez partnerów społecznychPodczas szkoleniaPoprzez (newsletter, itp.)InaczejOcena sposobu dystrybucji broszur:N=19, w%Pozytywnie89%
16 EVALUATION 83% 83% Ocena procesu tłumaczenia broszur: N=18, w%Pozytywnie83%Ocena procesu druku broszur:N=18, w%Pozytywnie83%
17 EVALUATION 100% 94% Odbiór publikacji w sektorze budowlanym: Pozytywny BROSZURA BUDOWLANAN=18, w%Pozytywny100%PLAKAT BUDOWLANYN=16, w%Pozytywny94%
18 EVALUATION 94% 93% Odbiór publikacji w sektorze handlu detalicznego: BROSZURA HANDLOWAN=16, w%Pozytywny94%PLAKAT HANDLOWYN=15, w%Pozytywny93%
19 WEB STATISTIC WEB STATISTIC The number of calls: September 2008:October 2008:November 2008:December 2008:January 2009:February 2009:March 2009:The national version of the website have been already edited by Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria and LatviaWEB STATISTIC
20 ANIMATED MOVIES and TV SPOTS Two 7-minute animated films have been made; they present good practices in the retail trade and construction. The cartoons are accompanied by 30-second spots which inform about the campaign and its message.
21 After the campaign website was taken over by the Polish NLI, texts in all the national versions have been updated. A new section has been created under the title “good practices”.
22 EVALUATION 95% Ocena strony www kampanii: www.handlingloads.eu N=21, w%Pozytywna95%Gdzie były publikowane informacje i materiały w Internecie?N=21, w%Na stronach narodowych inspektoratów pracyNa stronach partnerów społecznychNa stronach komercyjnych
23 WEB STATISTICThe activity of countries on the www.handlingloads.eu website beginning from the biggest one:Portugal,France,Poland,Italy,Romania,Belgium,The Netherlands,Czech Republic,Slovakia,Bulgaria,Estonia,Greece,Sweden,Brazil,Lithuania,Germany,Spain,Latvia,HungaryUSA,Slovenia,DenmarkFinlandArgentinaAustria,Great Britain,
24 INSPECTION CAMPAIGN – PROBLEMS incorrect assessment (lack of assessment) of occupational risk concerning MHLworkers being incorrectly referred to a periodic medical check upincorrect instructions for manual handling of loadsinsufficient workspaceinsufficient width of transportation routesincorrect storing and stacking of materialsfailure to provide workers with manual handling aidsWith regard to occupational risk assessment the following irregularities were observed:failure to take account of manual handling hazards in the risk assessment,failure to inform workers about occupational risk,lack of a documented occupational risk assessment.
25 KONTROLE – SEKTOR BUDOWLANY ZASTOSOWANE INSTRUMENTYLICZBA BUDÓWLiczbaw%4376172596193112821607ZalecenieOstrzeżenie pisemneOstrzeżenie ustneMandatWstrzymanie robótSkierowanie do sąduNie zastosowano żadnego instrumentu13921636569610216561438Suma:
26 KONTROLE – SEKTOR HANDLU ZASTOSOWANE INSTRUMENTYLICZBA PLACÓWEKLiczbaw%6448187816581652216250ZalecenieOstrzeżenie pisemneOstrzeżenie ustneMandatWstrzymanie robótSkierowanie do sąduNie zastosowano żadnego instrumentu1685199564463514494Suma:
27 KONTROLE – SEKTOR BUDOWLANY Skala 1-4, gdzie: 1 = brak przestrzegania wymagań dotyczących ergonomii i bezpieczeństwa 4 = całkowite przestrzeganie wymagań dotyczących ergonomii i bezpieczeństwaBadania medyczneEliminacja transportu ręcznegoOcena ryzyka dla prac w transporcie ręcznymSprzęt i urządzenia do ręcznego transportuSzkolenie dotyczące bezpieczeństwa w transporcie ręcznymInstrukcje bhp dla transportu ręcznegoOdzież i obuwie robocze oraz środki ochrony indywidualnejPrace zespołowePrace w ograniczonej przestrzeniDźwiganie (podnoszenie/opuszczanie/przekładanie)Pchanie, ciągnięcie i przenoszenieRelacja dystansu i obciążeniaDrogi transportoweORGANIZACJA PRACYZAŁADUNEK/WYŁADUNEK I PRZEŁADUNEKTRANSPORT POZIOMYTRANSPORT Z POKONYWANIEM RÓŻNIC WYSOKOŚCI
28 KONTROLE – SEKTOR HANDLU Skala 1-4, gdzie: 1 = brak przestrzegania wymagań dotyczących ergonomii i bezpieczeństwa 4 = całkowite przestrzeganie wymagań dotyczących ergonomii i bezpieczeństwaBadania medyczneEliminacja transportu ręcznegoOcena ryzyka dla prac w transporcie ręcznymSprzęt i urządzenia do ręcznego transportuSzkolenie dotyczące bezpieczeństwa w transporcie ręcznymInstrukcje bhp dla transportu ręcznegoOdzież i obuwie robocze oraz środki ochrony indywidualnejPrace zespołowePrace w ograniczonej przestrzeniWarunki środowiska pracyDźwiganie (podnoszenie/opuszczanie/przekładanie)Relacja dystansu i obciążeniaDrogi transportowePchanie, ciągnięcie i przenoszenieORGANIZACJA PRACYZAŁADUNEK/WYŁADUNEK I PRZEŁADUNEKTRANSPORT POZIOMYTRANSPORT Z POKONYWANIEM RÓŻNIC WYSOKOŚCI
29 INSPECTION CAMPAIGN – EMPLOYERS It was found that the level of knowledge in that area was quite low. Both with regard to identifying and reducing the existing hazards. This made it difficult for labour inspectors to embark on a subject-related and partner discussions with employers.
30 INSPECTION CAMPAIGN – EMPLOYERS Cooperation depends on many factors:size of the workplace. Smaller employers are more nervous about the inspection itself and preventative activities are sometimes of no interest to them. In larger workplaces the employer delegates all the initiative in that regard to his OSH services.the duration of an inspection. This relates to the number of inspection days but also if there was a pre-holiday period (retail) or a construction deadline to stick to.individual predispositions of a labour inspector. It seems purposeful to conduct training for labour inspectors not only on the topic itself but also on psychological and psychosocial aspects to obtain the best possible results.
32 HANDEL – DŹWIGANIE, TRANSPORT – NIEPRAWIDŁOWOŚCI
33 INSPECTION CAMPAIGN - EMPLOYERS Regardless of the branch, a certain pattern could be observed. The more often a given type of work was performed and the more repetitive it was in respect of duration, load and the manner of performing the task, the more willing employers and workers were to use appropriate technological solutions.A crucial factor on construction sites was the dynamics of change during construction work. The solutions applied with a view to eliminating manual handling often could not keep up with the pace of work, therefore the simplest solutions were chosen.
34 INSPECTION CAMPAIGN – EMPLOYEES We noticed the aversion to adopt the proposed changes concerning performance of work by the employees. Being accustomed to a certain routine played a crucial role in this case. It would have taken them longer to do the same task in a proper way. We often heard the following: “I only had to carry this load once, I didn’t want to bother my colleague, I didn’t have time to look for a cart”.Indeed workers have to be motivated in the right way to be willing to change their habits. Although manual handling of loads constitutes the major cause of disorders, labour inspectors more often meet workers complaining about stress in the workplace and having to work overtime.
42 RESULTS – INSPECTORSAmong others the campaign showed that not all the labour inspectors are very well prepared to conduct preventative activities. It is much easier for us to point out irregularities during workplace inspections than to find solutions which are worth following.However there was a gradual shift of emphasis from inspection to prevention activities. At last labour inspectors were able to give employers not only punishment, but also advices, information concerning the proper way of exectute the activity (good practices), professionally prepared and diversified communication materials.A number of training sessions for labour inspectors was conducted with emphasis on various methods of assessing occupational risk.As a result of inspectors trainings and conferences requirements for employers were standardized.
43 CONCLUSIONS FOR THE FUTURE A lot of attention should be paid to make sure that medium-level managerial staff observes appropriate patterns of behaviour: heads of units, foremen, masters. They must set an example for workers and show the patterns to follow. Gaining respect of others may help overcome the incomprehensible barrier of being ashamed to perform work in a safe way.Lack of sufficient knowledge can lead to ignorance. Neglecting problems can lead to accidents and occupational diseases. It seems that besides inspection and prevention campaigns the best results could be achieved by introducing many-year school curricula comprising compulsory classes which shape and instil safe and hygienic methods of work performance.
44 CONCLUSIONSCampaign should not mark the end of our activities but the beginning of new ones. Enriched with experience and professionally prepared communication materials we cannot rest on a two-year initiative. We did not succeed in changing many stereotypical ways of thinking. So far we have reached too small a group of employers and workers.Labour inspectors expressed their interest in exchanging information via the online discussion group – it should be set up in the nearest future
45 CONCLUSIONSThe success of the campaign consists in the fact that finally the problem of musculoskeletal disorders was treated seriously. Together we undertook the coordinated action in that area. Thanks to commonly developed and issued materials it was possible to convey the messages of the campaign to many people.
46 THE CAMPAIGN IS IN THE PROCESS… THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!