Polish is a Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland, being the mother tongue of Poles. It belongs to the West Slavic languages. Polish is the official language of Poland, but it is also used throughout the world by Polish minorities in other countries.
The inhabitants of different regions of Poland speak "standard" Polish somewhat differently. First-language speakers of Polish have no trouble understanding each other, and non-native speakers may have difficulty distinguishing regional variations.
Polish is normally described as consisting of four or five main dialects: Greater Polish, spoken in the west, Lesser Polish, spoken in the south and southeast, Masovian, spoken throughout the central and eastern parts of the country, Silesian, spoken in the southwest (also considered a separate language), Kashubian, spoken in the Pomorze region west of Gdańsk on the Baltic Sea,
The Polish alphabet derives from the Latin script, but includes certain additional letters and diacritics, such as, ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż. The letters q, v, x are often not considered part of the Polish alphabet. They are used only in foreign words and names. Polish orthography is largely phonemic—there is a consistent correspondence between letters and phonemes.
BASIC POLISH EXPRESSIONS Cześć !– Hi! Hello! Bye! Dzień dobry. – Good morning/afternoon. Dobry wieczór.– Good evening. Do widzenia. – Good bye. Dziękuję. – Thank you. Nie ma za co. – You’re welcome. Jak masz na imię? – What’s your name? Mam na imię… - My name’s… Ile masz lat? – How old are you? Mam dziesięć lat. – I’m ten. Skąd jesteś? – Where are you from? Jestem z Polski. – I’m from Poland. Lubię Cię. – I like you.
Smacznego! – Enjoy your meal! Bułgaria – Bulgaria Włochy – Italy Turcja – Turkey Polska - Poland
LET’S TRY YOUR POLISH… Cześć ! Hi! Hello! Bye! Dzień dobry. Good morning/afternoon. Dobry wieczór. Good evening. Do widzenia. Good bye. Dziękuję. Thank you. Nie ma za co. You’re welcome.
Jak masz na imię? What’s your name? Mam na imię… My name’s… Ile masz lat? How old are you? Mam dziesięć lat. I’m ten. Skąd jesteś? Where are you from? Lubię Cię. I like you.
TONGUE TWISTER Chrząszcz brzmi w trzcinie w Szczebrzeszynie.
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